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Western Scotland: climate

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This describes the main features of the climate of Western Scotland, comprising the former regions of Strathclyde, Central (except for Clackmannanshire and Falkirk) and Dumfries and Galloway. It includes the Argyll islands, such as Arran, and the southern Hebrides such as Tiree, Mull, Jura and Islay. The region covers the western half of both the Central Lowlands and the Southern Uplands.

Much of the landscape of Western Scotland consists of high ground, i.e. more than 200 metres above sea level, especially in the north, where there are many peaks that exceed 1000 metres. Fjord-like sea lochs and the islands of the Hebrides characterise the west of the region, while the south contains the Southern Uplands. The major estuary is that of the Clyde, but the southern part of the area borders the Solway Firth. The highest peaks of the two main upland regions are Merrick (843 metres) in Galloway in the Southern Uplands and Ben More (1174 metres) in the southern Highlands. Many of the islands also contain substantial peaks; the highest point on any of the islands is Ben More on Mull at 967 metres. There are several large towns in the region, but the only city is Glasgow (UK's fourth largest), which has several substantial towns surrounding it. The largest of the islands is Mull.

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Climate: Western Scotland

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