The industrial revolution was in full fog and London was thriving as the largest city in the world. But it was one man, from a small island, that would unite the nation's movers and shakers in creating the lifesaving charity we know today as the Royal National Lifeboat Institution (RNLI).
Living in Douglas on the Isle of Man, Sir William Hillary saw the treacherous nature of the sea first-hand. Many ships were being wrecked around the Manx coast and Hillary refused to sit by and watch people drown. He saved many lives with the help of locals but knew more had to be done.
He drew up plans for a lifeboat service manned by trained crews, for all of the UK and Ireland. In 1823 he published a pamphlet, appealing to the British Navy on forming A National Institution For The Preservation Of Lives And Property From Shipwreck. This noble idea fell on deaf ears - the Admiralty refused to help. So he changed tack, rebranding his appeal for the more philanthropic members of London society instead. This time the idea caught the eye of Thomas Wilson, energetic MP for Southwark; and shipping magnate George Hibbert. Hillary, Wilson and Hibbert became a formidable trio and the campaign rapidly gathered momentum.
They agreed that a public meeting should be the main launch pad. And what better venue than the fashionable London Tavern where other charities had been founded?
In the tavern that day, The Archbishop of Canterbury presided over a crowd of aristocrats, clerics, politicians, naval officers, brokers, bankers, merchants and philanthropists, including anti-slavery campaigner William Wilberforce and sea safety guru Captain George Manby.
The plans for the Royal National Institution for the Preservation of Life from Shipwreck were then set out before the distinguished gathering. Little did they know that the 12 resolutions they agreed on would still stand as part of the RNLI's charter 190 years later.
Wilberforce said he was honoured to be there and that 'an Institution like this seems so natural to this country' that he was 'astonished it had not long before this period been established'.
What might be the last big storm of the current spell will be crossing the UK early this weekend. It's going to bring heavy rain, high winds and some snow in different areas. With a risk of frost and ice to follow over the rest of the weekend it looks like the country will be experiencing the full mix of winter weather. The strongest winds are expected later on Friday and Friday night with winds of 60 to 70 miles per hour over some southern areas. Gusts nearer 80 miles per hour are possible near English Channel coasts, where some big waves are likely again.
Heavy squally showers are likely on Friday night and Saturday, but as these tend to die down frost and ice will become a problem in places by Sunday morning.
Finally there's a real risk of snow over some of the hills and mountains of Northern Britain.
Below is an image of the storm as it moves towards the UK on Friday.
Met Office forecasters are warning that further very wet and windy weather this week could bring disruption to parts of the UK. Wednesday will see a vigorous low pressure system move in from the west, bringing a band of rain and gales across the country. Around 10-20mm of rain is possible fairly widely with 20-30mm possible in parts of Wales and South West England.
The strongest winds are expected during the afternoon and evening across Wales and northern England. Gusts of 70-80mph and perhaps as high as 90mph are possible around exposed western areas, with 50-60mph generally across inland and southern areas.
These potentially damaging winds could bring down trees and cause disruption to travel and power networks.
In addition, large waves could cause problems around coastal areas.
Below is the latest most likely track of the storm for tomorrow.
Amber and yellow warnings for wind and rain are still in place for today and tomorrow (Saturday).
Keep up to date with the latest forecast.Read more
Pupils at a Birmingham school have been learning how salt and ice don't mix - and now their classroom experiments are set to go national.
Teachers at Colmore Junior School helped produce educational worksheets which explain how the motorways are able to run smoothly during severe weather. Now their simple experiments, using salt and school rubbers, have been backed by a national science teaching organisation for use in schools across the country.
The worksheets provide a breakdown of how 'gritters' spread salt on the roads and feature activities for the 7 to 11-year-olds to enhance their understanding of the process.
They cover the effect of salt on the freezing point of water and ask the question 'fact or friction?' when looking at how moving traffic affects road temperature.
There are practical steps you can take to support your community in preparing for winter weather.
Helping you keep warm and well this winter.
There are certain practical steps that you can take to protect your home from winter weather.
Preparations and precautions when travelling in winter.
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