Formed from undersea volcanic eruptions which occurred tens of millions of years ago, Lanzarote forms part of the Canary Islands; a Spanish island group located off the coast of Africa.
Evidence recovered from a recent archaeological dig suggests that, although no records of settlements exist, ancient Romans had traded with the settlers of Lanzarote; the Romans' presence in North Africa between the first and fourth centuries A.D. adds weight to the theory.
Lanzarote average maximum temperatures reach 28 °C during the summer months, and a typical nine hours of sunshine is experienced, with an average 20mm of rain per month during the winter months.
Lanzarote is home to many landmarks both natural and man-made - the Timanfaya National Park set among the middle of the island is home to many natural breeds of exotic flora and fauna; an especially commendable feat considering the landscape is nothing but volcanic rock, although the fertile volcanic soil has proven very beneficial to many crops and grape production. Lanzarote Timanfaya National Park displaying geyser of steam
Far underground there is still some volcanic activity, as demonstrated by pouring water down into the ground and seeing it jet back up in geyser form.
Such is its otherworldly appearance that many films and TV programmes have been shot here to give the appearance of a different planet. Tourist buses frequently trek over the rocky ground, affording tourists the opportunity to capture the sights on film.Many of the other spectacular sights on the island were built by legendary artist and architect César Manrique - his foresight proved valuable in boosting the tourist economy of Lanzarote by forcing a ban on high-rise buildings on the island so as not to spoil anyone's view. On the northeast of the island he created the Jardin de Cactus; a beautiful cactus garden which covers five square kilometres. Also of note on the island is the Jameos del Agua; an astonishing landscape built into the rocks on the north of the island; from a distance it looks like Tracy Island from Thunderbirds!
All these beautiful attractions are ably backed up by Lanzarote great nightlife; the resorts on the south of the island near Arrecife airport can always put on a great show, while the museums and concert venues on offer provide great entertainment for those keen to explore too.
Last updated: 6 February 2015
Spain has three main climate zones with the south and east coasts characterised by a Mediterranean climate, the vast inland areas of the central plateau experience a continental climate while the north and northwest regions are classified as an oceanic climate.
The seven islands that form the Canary Islands experience a Mediterranean climate typified by extremely dry summer months with warm temperatures and mild winters with more rainfall, particularly to the north of the region.