Found in Italy, Florence is the capital city of the region of Tuscany. Famous for its history, this city is home to just over 370,000 people.
The history of Florence can be traced back to Roman times in the year 59 BC, during the reign of Julius Caesar. Florence was later established as a significant centre of trade, around the third century ad.
Industry has been the key to Florence's success, particularly with the manufacturing of clothing. Gucci have been producing their high end clothes in the city since 1921, and other major Italian fashion houses are also based here. The manufacture of machinery and pharmaceuticals is also significant, along with food and wine. Chianti, a red wine, has been produced just south of Florence since the 14th century and is distributed all over the world.
One of Florence's most famous is its Cathedral featuring Brunelleschi's dome. Elsewhere Piazza Della Signoria hosts open air sculpture exhibitions and the Boboli Gardens and Pitti Palace feature a series of picturesque gardens and fountains. Crossing the Arno River in the centre of the city is the Ponte Vecchio bridge, home to traders for centuries.
Florence is home to several festivals throughout the year. The Carnevale in February consists of a parade of floats moving through the city while The Florence Dance Festival also happens every summer with various concerts taking place.
Sport also plays a part in Florence. The Stadio Artemio Franchi is home to ACF Fiorentina Football Club. Here they have also hosted international Rugby Union matches. It is not just sport that has been played here; various famous singers such as Madonna, David Bowie and Bruce Springsteen have held concerts in the stadium too.
Famous people from the city consist of artists Leonardo Da Vinci and Michelangelo Buonarroti, fashion designer Roberto Cavalli and of course Florence Nightingale who was named after her city of birth.
Florence has hot, humid summers with average maximum temperatures peaking at 32 °C in July and August. During the winter months temperatures are cooler and the wettest month tends to be November with an average of 118mm rainfall.
Last updated: 14 March 2014