Officially titled the Republic of Turkey, this Eastern European country has eight land borders, directly positioning it between Asia and Europe and has a population of 75 million.
Officially titled the Republic of Turkey, this Eastern European country has eight land borders, directly positioning it between Asia and Europe. Religion plays a big part in Turkish culture, with the majority of the population following Islam.
In 1923, following the Turkish War of Independence, the country became the Republic of Turkey. Initiated by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, he became the republic's very first president and instilled many policy changes aiming for the republic to become a modern state. Turkey is thought to have been inhabited since 10,000 BC, with the Anatolian Peninsula giving Turkey one of the oldest permanent settled regions in the world.
With a history as rich as Turkey's, it is no surprise that there are endless sights to see comprising of ruins, relics and religious sites dotted around the country. The capital of Ankara is home to an endless list of museums, but one of the top sites has to be the Citadel, with the surroundings being the oldest part of the city. Despite being the capital, the city of Ankara is second in size to Istanbul, seen as the hub of Turkey. Istanbul has real Turkish culture to take in during your visit. The Aya Sofya - Church of Divine Wisdom - is Istanbul's most famed monument. The building of the site was to restore the greatness of the Roman Empire and stands proud as a landmark for the city.
Just 20 kilometres south east of the city lays the Princes' Islands, commonly referred to as 'The Islands'. Transportation is traditional, with no motor vehicles in operation. The island instead relies on bicycle, horse and carriage rides or simply travelling by foot. It is a great way to escape from the busy cities and take some relaxation while on your trip. Book in advance through the summer as the island is filled with tourists and Istanbul locals as a getaway.
Turkey has such a wide mixture of activities on offer; you will have no difficulty filling your time. The highly popular Lycian Way is a track following the Teke Peninsula to Antalya, winding through forests, past ruins in ancient Lycian cities and with stunning coastal vistas. There is also the Nemrut Dagi National Park in the Anti-Taurus range for a similar day of activities with a touch of culture. Visit the summit, a 20 minute hike, to see the ruins of 'the thrones of Gods'.
Last updated: 30 January 2014