A selection of case studies of different types of severe weather.
New York and its history of storms
Floods can be devastating — costing the lives of people and animals, as well as destroying crops, homes and businesses.
At least 1,500 people were killed and around $300 billion worth of damage was caused when Hurricane Katrina hit the south-eastern part of the USA. Arriving in late August 2005 with winds of up to 127 mph, the storm caused widespread flooding.
The list below may look like something that would happen in the Arctic, but all of them happened in the UK during two particularly severe winters - in 1947 and 1963.
On 16 August 2004, a devastating flood swept through the small Cornish village of Boscastle.
A heat wave affected most of the UK from 3 to 23 July 2013, making this the warmest and sunniest July for the UK as a whole since 2006, and the third warmest on record.
In March 2013 an active weather fronts moving in from the Atlantic brought heavy rain and flooding to south-western parts of the UK.
A snowy spell of weather affected most the UK from 14 to 26 January 2013.
In 2012 the weather regularly made the news headlines and if you asked somebody to describe 2012 in a single word they would probably say "wet".
This case study focuses on one week in November when four periods of rainfall brought widespread flooding to many parts of the UK.
Persistent rain brought flooding to many parts of the UK during the first weekend of July. The impacts were numerous, ranging from flooded transport networks to disrupted sporting events.
April 2012 was the wettest April in the UK as a whole since records began in 1910. Within the UK there were some marked regional variations across the UK. Much of the rainfall was focused on the south.
4 to 5 February 2012, after a cold and settled spell, a significant fall of snow affected central and eastern parts of the UK. Some parts experienced 10 to 15cm.
An Indian summer is a warm, calm spell in autumn, around the end of September to the middle of November. The phrase comes from America and refers to the Native American Indians.
Many parts of the UK experienced significant snow events from late November to early December 2010. This case-study focuses on the period 28 November to 2 December.
A Met Office forecaster was working on secondment in Bermuda during hurricane Igor. Some thoughts were gathered from somebody who experienced it in person.
The UK may have had another uneventful summer in 2010 but much of the European continent experienced an extreme heat wave. This case study will focus on events in Russia specifically. Russia was badly effected through July and the first half of August.
During the early hours of 30 October 2008 the small East Devon town of Ottery St Mary experienced an extreme weather event in the form of an exceptional hailstorm.
Heavy snow stops traffic on main route through Cornwall.
More than 20,000 people died after a record-breaking heatwave left Europe sweltering in August 2003. The period of extreme heat is thought to be the warmest for up to 500 years, and many European countries experienced their highest temperatures on record.
Freezing rain is fairly rare in the UK. When it does occur the consequences can be devastating. This case study looks at an occurrence which affected Wales, SW England and the Midlands in January 1996.
A powerful storm ravaged many parts of the UK in the middle of October 1987.
A fog so thick and polluted it left thousands dead wreaked havoc on London in 1952. The smoke-like pollution was so toxic it was even reported to have choked cows to death in the fields. It was so thick it brought road, air and rail transport to a virtual standstill. This was certainly an event to remember, but not the first smog of its kind to hit the capital.
Last updated: 27 July 2016