Manchester is about 160 miles north west of London, inland and east of Liverpool. It is bordered by the Cheshire Plain to the south and the Pennine Hills to the north and east.
Manchester was first recorded as the Roman settlement of Mamucium in around AD79 at the then confluence of the Rivers Irwell and Medlock. The name of the city derives from that of the Roman settlement.
Prior to the Roman settlement, the local area was populated by the Celtic tribe the Brigantes who had a settlement on the banks of the River Irwell, where the cathedral now stands.
Manchester's geographic features, its proximity to a sea port at Liverpool and nearby coal reserves, as well as its access to lots of "clean" rainwater, were highly influential in its early development as the world's first modern industrial city, through the processing of cotton and the manufacture of textiles.
By 1736, the Irwell and Mersey were made navigable with a route to the sea docks on the River Mersey.
The first wholly artificial waterway, in Britain, the Bridgewater Canal was opened in 1761, enabling the efficient and relatively cheap delivery of coal from local mines to Manchester.
By 1776, the canal had been extended to the Mersey thus enabling cheap delivery of cotton from the wider world into Manchester.
Bringing these factors together, inside the trading envelope of the British Empire and its world trade routes, Manchester became dominant in the world-wide market for textiles.
Climate related notes
Manchester, like most of Britain, experiences a generally mild climate and while there is a commonly held perception that it receives a lot of rain, in fact, it receives slightly less than the UK average.
To change from Manchester weather forecast, enter a location (this could be a village, town or city) or a postcode into the "Find a weather forecast" box and select the appropriate location from the list provided. You can also search for world forecast locations by entering a location or world post/zip code. To save a location as one of your favourites click on the star next to the location name. You can save up to five locations as favourites. Favourite locations can be found in the drop down list under the "Find a weather forecast" box.
For web browsers that have geolocation capabilities, you can also use the 'find my location' button to automatically find your location. Find out more in the UK forecast guide.
You can move between the weather forecast, nearest observation site and climate for the location by clicking on the arrow next to the forecast location name and selecting either forecast, observations or climate.
The map view allows you to view both location and mapped forecasts for the UK.
To display your chosen forecast, select one of the options from the map menu on the right. A key to the forecast layer is provided below the timeline.
You can pan and zoom around the map using the controls in the top left of the map or by using your mouse to click and drag the map and the mouse wheel to zoom in and out. Zooming in on a location will display additional location forecasts in that area.
Click on the time selector to view the forecast for a particular time or use the play button to animate the forecast.
Five day table
The five day forecast table provides a detailed view of the weather for the days ahead at Manchester.
Our Air Quality Index is currently in Beta. It is a daily index representing the background and regional air quality for a chosen location. Air pollution levels close to roads in urban areas may be higher. For more information please visit our Daily Air Quality Index page.
The Timeline provides an alternative graphical representation of the five day forecast for a location. Forecasts for around 5000 UK locations can be viewed in this way. For each location we provide three-hourly forecasts of weather, temperature, wind speed and direction and feels like temperature.
The temperature range forecast is a relatively new way of displaying forecast information. Temperatures will fall within the indicated range roughly 9 times out of 10 with the most likely temperature shown in green. There may be variations between this product and the five day forecast. Five day forecasts of maximum and minimum temperature for around 5000 UK locations can be viewed in this way.
Text forecasts are provided for the each of the nations of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland along with six regional forecasts for Scotland and eight regions of England.