|Highest maximum temperature||Cardiff Bute Park||22.1|
|Lowest maximum temperature||Lake Vyrnwy||16.5|
|Lowest minimum temperature||Lake Vyrnwy||13.1|
|Sunniest||St Athan||1.5 hours|
|Highest maximum temperature||Coningsby||26.1|
|Lowest maximum temperature||Lerwick||14.8|
|Lowest minimum temperature||Baltasound||6.4|
Highest maximum temperature - (0900 to 2100 on the date shown)
Lowest maximum temperature - (0900 to 2100 on the date shown)
Lowest minimum temperature - (2100 on the previous day to 0900 on the date shown)
Highest rainfall -(2100 on the previous day to 2100 on the date shown)
Sunniest - (2100 on the previous day to 2100 on the date shown)
Issued at: 0002 on Sat 02 Aug 2014
Location: 51.4812, -3.1778
Altitude: 11m above mean sea level
Cardiff was named capital city of Wales in 1955 and is the most important city in principality. Boasting a population of around 350,000, Cardiff is the 10th largest UK city.
The city has a long and varied history, with evidence suggesting the existence of settlers in the area around 1,500 years before the building of Stonehenge. A Roman fort was created in the north-west of the city, and during the Middle Ages the area became of crucial strategic importance during the war between the Normans and Welsh. As a result, Cardiff lays claim to the largest concentration of castles of any city in the world, the most prominent of which is Cardiff Castle.
Cardiff’s easy access to the coal fields of South Wales has played a large part in its history and demand for coal, used for manufacturing iron and steel, led to Cardiff becoming the world’s largest coal port. At its peak, Tiger Bay was the busiest port in the world and the wealth and migrant workers which were brought into the city created rapid growth during the 1800s.
Since then, the economy of Cardiff has diversified into a range of industries. Cardiff is now the largest media centre outside of London and is the home of BBC Wales, ITV Wales and S4C. The filming and production of the new series of Doctor Who also takes place in the city.
Cardiff is built on reclaimed marshland, making the landscape of the city very flat and it is often claimed that Cardiff enjoys more hours of sunshine than Milan. The city also boasts more green space per person than the other major UK cities.
Names as European City of Sport in 2009, Cardiff hosts a variety of sporting venues, including the Millennium Stadium which is home to both the Wales national Rugby Union team and national football team. The venue, which also served as the FA Cup’s temporary home during the reconstruction of Wembley, manages to protect events from inclement weather thanks to its retractable roof — the only one in the UK. The SWALEC Stadium in Sophia Gardens is the home of Glamorgan and, following an extensive redevelopment, now hosts regular Test cricket.
Beloved children’s author Roald Dahl was born in the city, as was famous composer and musician Ivor Novello. Other famous faces that come from Cardiff include football Ryan Giggs, and singers Shirley Bassey and Charlotte Church.