Dumfries, Galloway, Lothian & Borders extremes
|Highest maximum temperature||Edinburgh Gogarbank||17.2|
|Lowest maximum temperature||Eskdalemuir||13.9|
|Lowest minimum temperature||Carterhouse||7.6|
|Highest rainfall||Edinburgh Botanic Gardens||15.4|
|Highest maximum temperature||Cavendish||19.8|
|Lowest maximum temperature||Blencathra||11.9|
|Lowest minimum temperature||Upper Lambourn||2.1|
Highest maximum temperature - (0900 to 2100 on the date shown)
Lowest maximum temperature - (0900 to 2100 on the date shown)
Lowest minimum temperature - (2100 on the previous day to 0900 on the date shown)
Highest rainfall -(2100 on the previous day to 2100 on the date shown)
Sunniest - (2100 on the previous day to 2100 on the date shown)
Issued at: 0003 on Fri 22 Aug 2014
Location: 55.9533, -3.1868
Altitude: 60m above mean sea level
The Scottish capital of Edinburgh is a city that is steeped in history. Recognised as a World Heritage Site in 1995, the city and its 5,000 listed buildings attract visitors from around the world.
Primitive settlements first appeared in the area as early as the Bronze Age, and by the 12th Century there was an established settlement in the area. 600 years later, at the time of the Act of the Union which united the Scottish and English parliaments in Westminster in 1707, an overcrowded population of 35,000 was living in the medieval Old Town.
During the 18th Century, Scotland established itself as a centre for scientific and intellectual achievement; a period known as the Scottish Enlightenment. The University of Edinburgh, founded in 1583, played a key role during this time. However, the Old Town could not accommodate the growing population, and a revival was needed. In 1766 a competition was launched to design the layout of the New Town and work was completed in 1820. The Georgian New Town, characterised by spacious streets and classical inspired architecture, was separated from the Old Town by Nor Loch, which has since been drained to form Princes Street Gardens.
The city is built on a series of ridges and volcanic rocks, the most famous of which is Castle Rock. Edinburgh Castle sits atop Castle Rock, at the end of the Royal Mile. The Royal Mile is also the focal point of the annual Edinburgh Festival Fringe, the largest arts festival in the world, taking place across the city every August. The New Year’s Eve celebration in Edinburgh, known as Hogmanay, is also one of the biggest across the world with 100,000 people attending the annual street party.
Due to Edinburgh’s intellectual tradition, it has been home to many famous people including author of the popular Sherlock Holmes series, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, and telephone pioneer Alexander Graham Bell. Other famous residents include Deacon Brodie, inspiration behind the story of Jekyll and Hyde, and infamous serial killers Burke and Hare.
A coffee shop in Edinburgh was also the place where J.K. Rowling penned the first Harry Potter novel.