Next generation atmospheric dynamical core for weather and climate modelling

Caliographic rendering of chinese symbols for GungHo

To be able to run effectively on the next generation of supercomputers, future atmospheric dynamical cores will need to scale on hundreds of thousands of processors.

The challenge is to achieve the required scalability while retaining the accuracy of the current dynamical core. Designing such a core, therefore, requires a mix of numerical analysis, geophysical fluid dynamics and computational science. To bring this expertise together, the Met Office, NERC and STFC are proposing a five-year program, starting in 2010, to research, design and develop the new dynamical core.

Some of the key aspects that require research:

  • The grid that the model is discretized on: removal of the singularity in the current latitude-longitude grid is considered essential to achieving good scalability, yet there is currently no alternative that does not have a significant disadvantage of one kind or another.
  • Highly scalable implicit solvers: there are significant advantages to retaining a two-time-level implicit temporal discretization, but this is only viable if the resulting implicit system, with its global connectivity, can be efficiently solved on hundreds of thousands of processors.
  • Inherently conservative advection schemes: only dry mass is inherently conserved by the current dynamical core, yet there is a growing need to exactly conserve a number of tracer fields, as well as possibly such quantities as energy and angular momentum. This will require replacement of the current pointwise semi-Lagrangian scheme with a flux-form conserving advection scheme, be that a semi-Lagrangian one (e.g. SLICE) or an Eulerian one, while preserving the good phase properties of the current scheme.
  • The spatial discretization: spatial discretization, alternative to the current finite-difference/finite-volume approach, may permit the use of alternative grid structures without some of the disadvantages that those grids incur with a finite-difference discretization.

A further important element is how each of the above interacts with, and depends upon, each other.

Key aims

  • To design and develop a dynamical core that scales well on hundreds of thousands of processors while maintaining at least the accuracy and robustness of its contemporary dynamical core.
  • To improve the conservation properties of the dynamical core.

Last updated: 30 April 2014