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Denmark: Past weather and climate

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Denmark consists of the Jutland Peninsula and a group of islands at the entrance to the Baltic Sea between Sweden and Germany. Its cool maritime climate is similar to that of Britain, and because of its low elevation and small size, weather and climate do not vary much throughout the country.

Cold weather spells occur in most winters when parts of the Baltic Sea freeze. The average duration of winter snow cover is about thirty days.

Summer conditions are quite variable. Although spells of warm settled weather may last for a few weeks, it rarely becomes unpleasantly hot. The west coast is wetter than the east, and precipitation occurs all year round, especially in summer and autumn.

Quite severe gales can affect Denmark when Atlantic storms affect the North Sea. The west coast has the reputation of being particularly exposed and windswept. Denmark has a generally pleasant climate all year and, apart from the aforementioned cold winters, rarely suffers extremes of weather. Daily sunshine hours range from between one and two hours in winter to about eight in summer. Average daily maximum temperatures range from 2 °C in winter to 21 or 22 °C in summer.

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