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Tropical cyclone names

Various meteorological organisations have responsibility for names and employ different conventions. Some cycle through a set number of lists starting at "A" each year. Some continuously cycle through names without reverting to "A" each year and some start a new list each year. In the areas with cyclical lists a name will be retired if the cyclone bearing it was particularly notorious and caused loss of life.

It is usual practice for a storm to be named when it reaches tropical storm strength (winds of 34 knots). However, JTWC Hawaii, NHC Miami and CPHC Hawaii also give every tropical depression an identifier in the form of two digits and a letter. The digits start at "01" each season and are incremented for each new depression in the region. The letter defines the region in the following way:

W : Western North Pacific (west of 180 °)
C : Central North Pacific (140-180 °W)
E : Eastern North Pacific (east of 140 °W)
L : North Atlantic
A : Arabian sea
B : Bay of Bengal
S : South Indian Ocean (west of 135 °E)
P : South Pacific Ocean (east of 135 °E)

NHC Miami and CPHC Hawaii also use the "ATCF" identifier for Eastern & Central North Pacific and Atlantic depressions. For example, EP052015 indicates the 5th tropical depression in 2015 in the Eastern North Pacific. AL092014 indicates the 9th tropical depression in 2014 in the Atlantic. Prior to 2003 a 2-digit year was used.

Note, not all tropical depressions reach tropical storm status or are given names. Southern hemisphere storms are numbered in a single sequence irrespective of whether they are in the "S" or "P" areas. North Indian Ocean storms are numbered in a single sequence irrespective of whether they are in the "A" or "B" areas.

Northern hemisphere index

Southern hemisphere index

Western North Pacific names

List 1 List 2 List 3 List 4 List 5
Damrey Kong-rey Nakri Krovanh Sarika
Haikui Yutu Fengshen Dujuan Haima
Kirogi Toraji Kalmaegi Mujigae Meari
Kai-tak Man-yi Fung-wong Choi-wan Ma-on
Tembin Usagi Kammuri Koppu Tokage
Bolaven Pabuk Phanfone Champi Nock-ten
Sanba Wutip Vongfong In-fa Muifa
Jelawat Sepat Nuri Melor (2015) Merbok
Ewiniar Fitow Sinlaku Nepartak Nanmadol
Malaksi  Danas Hagupit Lupit Talas
Gaemi Nari Jangmi (2014) Mirinae Noru
Prapiroon Wipha Mekkhala Nida Kulap
Maria Francisco Higos Omais Roke
Son-Tinh Lekima Bavi Conson Sonca
Bopha Krosa Maysak Chanthu Nesat
Wukong (2012) Haiyan Haishen Dianmu Haitang
Sonamu Podul (2013) Noul Mindulle Nalgae
Shanshan Lingling Dolphin Lionrock Banyan
Yagi Kajiki Kujira Kompasu Hato
Leepi Faxai Chan-hom Namtheun Pakhar
Bebinca Peipah Linfa Malou Sanvu
Rumbia Tapah Nangka Meranti Mawar
Soulik Mitag Soudelor Rai Guchol
Cimaron Hagibis Molave Malakas Talim
Jebi Neoguri Goni Megi Doksuri
Mangkhut Rammasun Atsani Chaba Khanun
Utor Matmo Etau Aere Lan
Trami Halong Vamco Songda Saola

Since 2000 onwards, a new international list of names has been used for tropical storms in the North-West Pacific basin and are assigned by the Japan Meteorological Agency as storms develop. This version of the list includes names used since 2012. 

The year is included in parentheses after the last name to be used in that season.

Meaning of names (Japan Meteorological Agency)

Meaning and pronunciation of names (Hong Kong Observatory)

Philippine names

2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Auring (Sonamu) Agaton (Lingling) Amang (Mekkhala) Ambo (-) Auring 
Bising (-) Basyang (Kajiki) Betty (Bavi) Butchoy (Nepartak) Bising 
Crising (Shanshan) Caloy (04W) Chedeng (Maysak) Carina (Nida) Crising 
Dante (Yagi) Domeng (Peipah) Dodong (Noul) Dindo (Lionrock) Dante 
Emong (Leepi) Ester (Mitag) Egay (Linfa) Enteng (Namtheun) Emong 
Fabian (Bebinca) Florita (Neoguri) Falcon (Chan-hom) Ferdie (Meranti) Feria
Gorio (Rumbia) Glenda (Rammasun) Goring (Halola) Gener (Malakas) Gorio
Huaning (Soulik) Henry (Matmo) Hanna (Soudelor) Helen (Megi) Huaning
Isang (Cimaron) Inday (Nakri) Ineng (Goni) Igme (Chaba) Isang
Jolina (Jebi) Jose (Halong) Jenny (Dujuan) Julian (Aere) Jolina
Kiko (Mangkhut) Karding (14W) Kabayan (Mujigae) Karen  Kiko
Labuyo (Utor) Luis (Kalmaegi) Lando (Koppu) Lawin  Lannie
Maring (Trami) Mario (Fung-wong) Marilyn (In-fa) Marce  Maring
Nando (Kong-rey) Neneng (Phanfone) Nona (Melor) Nina  Nando
Odette (Usagi) Ompong (Vongfong) Onyok (29W) Ofel  Odette
Paolo (Wutip) Paeng (Nuri) Perla Pepito Paolo
Quedan (Fitow) Queenie (Sinlaku) Quiel  Quinta  Quedan
Ramil (Danas) Ruby (Hagupit) Ramon  Rolly Ramil
Santi (Nari) Seniang (Jangmi) Sarah Siony Santi
Tino (Wipha) Tomas Tisoy Tonyo Tino
Urduja (Francisco) Usman Ursula Ulysses Urduja
Vinta (Krosa) Venus Viring Vicky Vinta
Wilma (30W) Waldo Weng Warren Wilma
Yolanda (Haiyan) Yayang Yoyoy Yoyong Yolanda
Zoraida (Podul) Zeny Zigzag Zosimo Zoraida

These lists of names are applied to any storms in the Philippine area (5-25 °N and 115-135 °E) and are used in addition to the name given to the storm from the JMA list for the North-west Pacific.

For past storms the JMA name used for the storm is given in bold

Central North Pacific names

List 1 List 2 List 3 List 4
Akoni Aka Alika (2002) Ana (2014)
Ema Ekeka (1992) Ele (2002) Ela (2015)
Hone Hali (1992) (Hene) Huko (2002) Halola (2015)
Iona Iniki (1992) (Iolana) Ioke (2006) (Iopa) Iune (2015)
Keli Keoni (1993) Kika (2008) Kilo (2015)
Lala Li (1994) (Lino) Lana (2009) Loke (2015)
Moke Mele (1994) Maka (2009) Malia (2015)
Nolo Nona (1994) Neki (2009) Niala (2015)
Olana Oliwa (1997) Omeka (2010) Oho (2015)
Pena Paka (1997) (Pama) Pewa (2013) Pali (2016)
Ulana Upana (2000) Unala (2013) Ulika (2016)
Wale Wene (2000) Wali (2014) Walaka

These lists are used sequentially. The first name in any given year is the one immediately following the last name from the previous year.

Names in bold will replace the adjacent names next time they are used.

The years that the names were used are given in parentheses.

Eastern North Pacific names

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Amanda Andres Agatha Adrian Aletta Alvin
Boris Blanca Blas Beatriz Bud Barbara
Cristina Carlos Celia Calvin Carlotta Cosme
Douglas Dolores Darby Dora Daniel Dalila
Elida Enrique Estelle Eugene Emilia Erick
Fausto Felicia Frank Fernanda Fabio Flossie
Genevieve Guillermo Georgette Greg Gilma Gil
Hernan Hilda Howard Hilary Hector Henriette
Iselle Ignacio Ivette Irwin Ileana Ivo
Julio Jimena Javier Jova John Juliette
Karina Kevin Kay Kenneth Kristy Kiko
Lowell Linda Lester Lidia Lane Lorena
Marie Marty Madeline Max Miriam Mario
Norbert Nora Newton Norma Norman Narda
Odile Olaf Orlene Otis Olivia Octave
Polo Patricia Paine Pilar Paul Priscilla
Rachel Rick Roslyn Ramon Rosa Raymond
Simon Sandra Seymour Selma Sergio Sonia
Trudy Terry Tina Todd Tara Tico
Vance Vivian Virgil Veronica Vicente Velma
Winnie Waldo Winifred Wiley Willa Wallis
Xavier Xina Xavier Xina Xavier Xina
Yolanda York Yolanda York Yolanda York
Zeke Zelda Zeke Zelda Zeke Zelda

The first storm of each year begins with the letter "A". These lists are re-cycled every six years.

Last names used in previous seasons in bold.

North Atlantic names

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Arthur Ana Alex Arlene Alberto Andrea
Bertha Bill Bonnie Bret Beryl Barry
Cristobal Claudette Colin Cindy Chris Chantal
Dolly Danny Danielle Don Debby Dorian
Edouard Erika * Earl Emily Ernesto Erin
Fay Fred Fiona Franklin Florence Fernand
Gonzalo Grace Gaston Gert Gordon Gabrielle
Hanna Henri Hermine Harvey Helene Humberto
Isaias Ida Ian Irma Isaac Imelda
Josephine Joaquin * Julia Jose Joyce Jerry
Kyle Kate Karl Katia Kirk Karen
Laura Larry Lisa Lee Leslie Lorenzo
Marco Mindy Matthew Maria Michael Melissa
Nana Nicholas Nicole Nate Nadine Nestor
Omar Odette Otto Ophelia Oscar Olga
Paulette Peter Paula Philippe Patty Pablo
Rene Rose Richard Rina Rafael Rebekah
Sally Sam Shary Sean Sara Sebastien
Teddy Teresa Tobias Tammy Tony Tanya
Vicky Victor Virginie Vince Valerie Van
Wilfred Wanda Walter Whitney William Wendy

The first storm of each year begins with the letter "A". These lists are also re-cycled every 6 years.
For information on the retirement of TC names in the North Atlantic go to the NOAA public affairs web site.

Last names used in previous seasons in bold.

* Erika will be replaced by Elsa and Joaquin by Julian in 2021.

Pronunciation of names

North Indian Ocean names

Names used from 2004 onwards
List 1 List 2 List 3 List 4
Onil Ogni (2006) Nisha (2008) Giri
Agni (2004) Akash Bijli Jal (2010)
Hibaru Gonu Aila Keila
Pyarr Yemyin Phyan Thane (2011)
Baaz Sidr (2007) Ward (2009) Murjan
Fanoos (2005) Nargis Laila Nilam (2012)
Mala Rashmi Bandu Mahasen
Mukda Khai-Muk Phet Phailin
List 5 List 6 List 7 List 8
Helen Chapala Ockhi Fani
Lehar Megh (2015) Sagar Vayu
Madi (2013) Roanu Mekunu Hikaa
Nanauk Kyant Daye Kyarr
Hudhud Nada Luban Maha
Nilofar (2014) Vardah Titli Bulbul
Ashobaa Maarutha Gigum Soba
Komen Mora Phethai Amphan

These lists will be used sequentially. The first name in any given year is the one immediately following the last name from the previous year.

The year is included in parentheses after the last name to be used in that season.

South-west Indian Ocean names

2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19
Anais Amara Adjali Annabelle Abela Ava Alcide
Boldwin Bejisa Bansi Bohale Bransby Berguitta Bouchra
Claudia Colin Chedza Corentin Carlos Cebile Cilida
Dumile Deliwe Diamondra Daya Dineo Dumazile Desmond
Emang Edilson Eunice Emeraude Enawo Eliakim Eketsang
Felleng Fobane Fundi Fantala Fernando Fakir Funani
Gino Guito Glenda Gao Gabekile Guambe Gelena
Haruna Hellen Haliba Hassina Herold Habana Haleh
Imelda Ivanoe Ikola Inacio Irondro Iman Idai
Jamala Jirani Joalane Juma Jeruto Jobo Joaninha
Kachay Katundu Kesha Ketiwe Kundai Kanga Kenneth
Luciano Letso Lugenda Lalelani Lisebo Ludzi Lorna
Mariam Mirana Mahara Moabi Michel Melina Maipelo
Njazi Naserian Nathan Naima Nousra Nathan Njazi
Onias Opang Oscar Octave Olivier Onaise Oscar
Pelagie Paya Puleng Piera Pokera Pelagie Pamela
Quiliro Querida Quenelle Quizito Quincy Quamar Quentin
Richard Romane Roselina Richard Rebaone Rita Rajab
Solani Singano Sitara Sofia Salama Solani Savana
Tamin Tarus Tarik Tatiana Tristan Tarik Themba
Urilia Unami Umali Umboni Ursula Urilia Uyapo
Vuyane Vuma Vuntu Vela Violet Vuyane Vivane
Wagner Wamil Wezi Wayne Wilson Wagner Walter
Xusa Xolile Xolani Xaba Xila Xusa Xangy
Yarona Yasmine Yolande Yazid Yekela Yarona Yemurai
Zacarias Zamile Zita Zenani Zaina Zacharias Zanele

The first storm of each year begins with the letter "A".
Last name used in previous seasons in bold.

Mauritius Met. Service list of names

Australian region

Names used from 2008 onwards
List 1 List 2 List 3 List 4 List 5
Anika Anthony Alessia Alfred Ann
Billy Bianca Bruce Blanche Blake
Charlotte Carlos (Courtney) Christine (Catherine) Caleb Claudia
Dominic Dianne Dylan Debbie Damien
Ellie Errol (2010-11) Edna Ernie Esther
Freddy Fina Fletcher Frances Ferdinand
Gabrielle Grant Gillian Greg Gretel
Hamish (Herman) Heidi (Hayley) Hadi Hilda Harold
Ilsa Iggy Ita (Ivana) Ira Imogen
Jasper Jasmine (Jenna) Jack (2013-14) Joyce Joshua
Kirrily (2008-9) Koji Kate Kelvin Kimi
Laurence (Lincoln) Lua (2011-12) (Luana) Lam (*) Linda Lucas
Magda (Megan) Mitchell Marcia (*) Marcus Marian
Neville Narelle Nathan Nora Noah
Olga Oswald (-) Olwyn Owen Odette
Paul Peta Quang Penny Paddy
Robyn Rusty (*) Raquel (2014-15) Riley Ruby
Sean (2009-10) Sandra Stan Savannah Seth
Tasha Tim Tatiana Trevor Tiffany
Vince Victoria Uriah (2015-16) Veronica Vernon
Zelia Zane (2012-13) Yvette Wallace  

These lists are used sequentially. The first name in any given year was the one immediately following the last name from the previous year.

The year is included in parentheses after the last name to be used in that season.

Names in bold will replace the adjacent names next time they are used. * indicates replacement name not chosen yet.

Australian Bureau of Meteorology tropical cyclone names web page

Indonesian region

List 1 List 2
Durga (2008)  
Anggrek (2010) Anggur
Bakung (2014) Belimbing
Cempaka Duku
Dahlia Jambu
Flamboyan Lengkeng
Kenanga Mangga
Lili Nangka
Mawar Pisang
Seroja Rambuta
Teratai Sawo

The left hand list is used sequentially. Names from the right hand list used as replacements when necessary.

The years that the names were used are given in parentheses.

Fiji region names

List 1 List 2 List 3 List 4 List 5 (reserve)
Ami (Ana) Arthur Atu (Alvin) Amos (2015-16) Aru
Beni (Bina) Becky Bune (2010-11) Bart Bela
Cilla (Cody) Cliff (2006-7) (Chip) Cyril Colin Cook
Dovi Daman (Denia) Daphne (2011-12) Donna Dean
Eseta (Eva) Elisa Evan (Eden) Ella -
Fili Funa (Fotu) Freda (Florin) Frank -
Gina (2002-3) Gene (2007-8) (Glen) Garry Gita Garth
Heta (Hagar) Hettie Haley (2012-13) Hali Hart
Ivy (2003-4) (Irene) Innis Ian (Isa) Iris -
Judy Joni June Jo Julie
Kerry Ken Kofi Kala Kelvin
Lola Lin (2008-9) Lusi (Louise) Leo -
Meena (Mal) Mick Mike (2013-14) Mona Moses
Nancy (Nat) Nisha Niko Neil Niko
Olaf (Olo) Oli Ola Oma Opeti
Percy (Pita) Pat (Pearl) Pam Pami -
Rae Rene Reuben Rita Rex
Sheila (2004-5) Sarah Solo (2014-15) Sarai Suki
Tam Tomas Tuni Tino Troy
Urmil Ului (2009-10) (-) Ula - -
Vaianu Vania (Vanessa) Victor Vicky Velma
Wati (2005-6) Wilma (Wano) Winston Wiki Wanita
Xavier - - - -
Yani Yasi (Yvonne)

Yalo

Yolanda Yates
Zita Zaka Zena Zazu Zidane

Lists A, B, C, and D are used sequentially. The first name in any given year is the one immediately following the last name from the previous year. List E is a list of replacement names if they become necessary.

The year is included in parentheses after the last name to be used in that season.

Names in bold will replace the adjacent names when they are next used.

Papua New Guinea region names

List 1 List 2 List 3
Adel (1993) Alu Maila
Upia (2002) Buri Nou
Epi (2003) Dodo Obaha
  Emau Paia
  Fere Ranu
  Guba (2007) Sabi
  Hibu Tau
  Ila Ume
  Kama Vali
  Lobu Wau
    Auram

These names are used randomly. The years that the names were used are given in parentheses.

South Atlantic region names

List 1
Arani (2011)
Bapo (2015)
Cari (2015)
Deni
Ecai
Guara
Iba
Jaguar
Kamby
Mani

These names are used sequentially. The years that the names were used are given in parentheses.

Last updated: Oct 11, 2016 2:17 PM