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How to cycle in winter

Cycling in winter weather has some special challenges but that doesn't mean you need to put the bike away. British Cycling has some advice to help you cycle safely during the winter period.

As well as putting extra demands on the bike and clothing, riding in the winter places extra demands on the rider too. Road conditions are more challenging and other road users' visibility may be compromised.

Braking

Wet or icy roads mean that your tyre grip is often significantly compromised. Factor in greater stopping distances - both for yourself and other road users; your bike's wheel rims may take a few revolutions to clear the water and brake effectively. Apply both brakes smoothly to avoid locking the wheels, and make sure you've done all of your braking before you start cornering.

Cornering

Like braking, cornering should be smooth, avoiding hazards such as white lines, debris and manhole covers. Read the road ahead and pick your line to avoid last minute swerving and line changes which might upset your bike's grip or put you into the path of traffic. Corner with your 'inside' pedal up and your weight on the 'outside' foot. This will enhance your grip and keep your centre of gravity in the right place.

Visibility

Also, bear in mind that other road users' visibility may be compromised - give other road users plenty of time and space to do the unexpected.

Road positioning

Be assertive and don't ride in the gutter. Use the primary and secondary riding positions - both of which keep you in the eye-line of drivers, helping to prevent 'SMIDSY' (Sorry Mate I Didn't See You) incidents and keep you away from drain covers and gutter debris. Be predictable and don't be afraid to assert your place on the road.

Routes

Where practical, choose lightly trafficked, segregated or traffic-free routes. You'll minimise your exposure to potential hazards and also have a less stressful commute, avoiding noise and road spray. Be aware though that during winter, such routes may be poorly lit so you may need more powerful lights to illuminate your path. If it gets icy, avoid untreated routes and be ultra careful at stop lines - you may be able to stop, but the car behind may not.

Allow more time

Harsh weather conditions may slow you and the surrounding traffic. Factor in a few more minutes so you're not late for work.

Warming up

It's a good idea to start your ride warm - many commutes aren't long enough or fast enough to generate much heat, so if you're toasty when you leave the house, you'll get straight into your stride and won't shiver for the first mile. So get your coat on, whack up the heating, eat some hot porridge or have a hot drink before you head out.

Know when it's a non-riding day

When things get icy or snowy, many riders relish the challenge. However, icy conditions are unpredictable and in most cases, no amount of riding skill or equipment will help you keep upright. Ride within your ability and use your common sense. If the conditions are extreme, consider a non-riding day.

With thanks to British Cycling for these tips.