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Climate science and the Amazon

New research is focusing on interactions between the Brazilian Amazon rainforest and the world's climate.

The three-year £4 million programme, Climate Science for Service Partnership (CSSP) Brazil, will research factors affecting the forest such as land-use change and carbon stocks, to help improve global climate models. Ultimately the aim is to better understand relationships between the world's largest tropical forest and the rest of the planet.

This Newton Fund initiative is funded by the Department for Business, Energy, & Industrial Strategy (BEIS). The research aims to boost climate mitigation and adaptation strategies to support resilient economic development and social welfare: factors which can be affected by severe weather and climate change.

The project brings together scientific researchers from Brazil's National Institute for Space Research (INPE), National Institute for Amazon Research (INPA), National Centre for Monitoring and Early Warning of Natural Disasters (CEMADEN), and other key UK and Brazilian scientific institutes.

Professor Stephen Belcher, Director of the Met Office Hadley Centre for Climate Science and Services, which is leading the UK's contribution to the project, said: "The Amazon rainforest has a fascinating two-way relationship with the world's climate. The forest helps to regulate our climate by absorbing carbon dioxide, but it is also widely anticipated to be affected by increasing climate change. Another aspect of the project will investigate the risks of a changing and changeable climate for Brazil, improving monitoring and understanding of impacts and extreme weather, and projections of how they might change in the future."