Environmental observations are of crucial importance, helping understanding of the state of our planet and how its climate is changing.
The information is also essential in monitoring and reviewing the role of human activities such as land-use, greenhouse gas emissions, water quality, marine pollution, and population movement.
The Copernicus programme is the European Union’s flagship programme, monitoring the Earth’s environment, using satellite and in-situ observations. It will provide Governments, academia, the private sector and the public with reliable information through services addressing six areas: land, marine, atmosphere, climate change, emergency management and security. This timely, quality assured information is needed by Governments to develop environmental policies, and to make critical decisions.
Copernicus is coordinated and managed by the European Commission. The European Commission placed contracts with European institutions to coordinate and manage six new satellite missions, and to develop and deliver operational public services in each of the six areas. The European meteorological community is playing an important role. EUMETSAT will manage three of the six new satellites, and the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) coordinates the Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S).
As an operational weather and climate service provider the Met Office, with partner national meteorological services in Europe, is playing an integral role in making Copernicus a success. The Met Office provides raw climate, atmospheric and marine data to the Copernicus programme, operates significant parts of the Copernicus Marine Environment Monitoring Service (CMEMS), and elements of both Copernicus Emergency Management Service (Copernicus EMS) and Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S).
Image credit: Japanese Meteorological Agency