Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S)
Utilising expertise from across Europe to deliver the service, it combines observations of the climate system with the latest science to develop authoritative, quality-assured information about the past, current and future states of the climate in Europe and worldwide.
C3S is currently in a Proof-of-concept and pre-operational phase until late 2017, to develop:
- Climate Data Store (CDS) providing free information about past, present and future climate via access to existing datasets through a unified web portal, which will contain essential climate variables and climate indicators based on observations, reanalyses and simulations.
- Sector Information Systems (SIS) providing tailored climate information, data and tools to help governments, business, academia and industry improve decision making around climate mitigation and adaptation. There are 7 proof-of-concept projects within the water, energy, insurance and health sectors, to develop the C3S to meet the needs of users. The SECTEUR project referred to on the CDS page, is an example of such work.
- Evaluation and quality control (EQC) for user engagement and evaluation of C3S products and services. The SECTEUR project is an example of the EQC work for the SIS.
- Outreach and dissemination (OD) including web content, public outreach, coordination with national outreach efforts, and liaison with public authorities.
CS3 is already providing some Data Services. Including comprehensive monthly data and maps for average global and European temperatures.
C3S is developing Seasonal Forecast Service which brings together seasonal forecasts from three core providers with current operational forecasting capability: ECMWF, Météo-France and the Met Office. Two additional providers are funded to build an operational seasonal forecast capacity: Deutscher Wetterdienst and Centro Euro-Mediterraneo sui Cambiamenti Climatici. The forecast data from each centre is combined to produce a multi-model forecast each month.
GloSea5 is the seasonal prediction system developed and run operationally at the Met Office. The Met Office has been routinely delivering seasonal forecast data to C3S since January 2016.
As part of the C3S project the hindcast of the GloSea5 system has been expanded to include more years (14 to 23 –February 2016) and more members per start date (3 to 7 – January 2017). This increase in hindcast ensemble size will be delivered to all users of our seasonal forecasts and is part of our contribution to the Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S) Multi-model Seasonal Forecast Project.
The service is currently in a pre-operational stage and ultimately all output will be available in the C3S Climate Data Store.
Copernicus is moving into phase 2 in 2018, and many of its services will become operational. Particular the free and versatile availability of data from the Climate Data Store (CDS) will be a game changer in the landscape of European climate services. The availability of downstream services (i.e. value-added services based on Copernicus services) is depending on downstream providers and “purveyors”, who translate climate information to the end-users will play an important role. Downstream services will provide their users with added-value by combining the information provided by the Copernicus services with additional data (e.g. socio-economic data)