Climate bulletin - November 2013
Summary of the world's climate in November 2013.
The global average temperature for November 2013 was 0.59 ± 0.14 °C above the 1961-1990 average (up from October). Sea-surface temperatures (SSTs) in the Tropical Pacific remained close to or below the long-term average, but together with other indicators, conditions were still El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) neutral.
During November, the global average air temperature over land was warmer than the long-term average. Large areas of Asia were much warmer than average. In North America areas in the east were generally below average, while the west coast and Alaska were warmer than average. Limited areas of southern Eurasia were cooler than average from Europe in the west through to the western Pacific in the east.
SSTs were generally warmer than average. Areas of cooler than average SSTs were recorded in the eastern Pacific, south Atlantic and Southern Ocean although areas of unusually cold waters were limited. Unusually warm sea surface temperatures were reported in the north Atlantic (reflecting the continued warm phase of the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation), the Indian Ocean, parts of the western Pacific and in parts of the central Pacific.