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State of the UK Climate 2014 report published

State of the UK Climate 2014 front cover

September 2015 - 'State of the UK Climate' is a new annual publication that presents a summary of the UK's weather and climate, in this case for 2014, comparing it to historical records to provide long-term context.

The report is intended to provide an accessible, authoritative and up-to-date assessment of UK climate trends, variations and extremes based on the latest available climate quality observational datasets.

Key findings

Some of the important findings of this year's report are:

  • 2014 was the warmest year on record for UK land and coastal waters.
  • 2014 was the fourth wettest year on record for the UK.
  • 8 of the 10 warmest years for the UK have occurred since 2002 and all the top ten warmest years have occurred since 1990.
  • 7 of the 10 wettest years for the UK have occurred since 1998.
  • Mean sea level around the UK rose by 1.4 millimetres per year (mm/yr) in the
    20th Century, when corrected for land movement.

The report contains many other facts and figures, such as trends in days of air and ground frost, degree days (relating to the requirement for heating or cooling of buildings or conditions suitable for plant growth), heavy rain, snow and sunshine hours. In addition, a summary of significant weather events of 2014 is presented.

UK mean temperature anomalies for year 2014UK rainfall anomalies for year 2014

2014 annual average temperature and rainfall anomalies relative to 1981-2010 climatology.

About the report

The majority of the report is based on observations of temperature, precipitation, sunshine, wind speed, sea level pressure and humidity from the UK land weather station network as managed by the Met Office and a number of key partners or co-operating observers. In addition time series of near-coast sea-surface temperature and sea-level rise are presented.

The observations used in this report are carefully managed such that they conform to current best practice observational standards as defined by the World Meteorological Organization. The observations also pass through a range of quality assurance procedures at the Met Office before application for climate monitoring. Our Climate monitoring with a UK focus is responsible for translating these diverse observations into the statistics presented in this report, and an understanding of our nation's weather and climate and its longer term historical context.

Stevenson screen at the Met Office automatic weather station (AWS) at Capel Curig, Gwynedd

More information and feedback

The State of the UK Climate is available for download on our website. This is an annual publication and we welcome feedback or suggestions so that we can improve the publication and make it as useful as possible. While we cannot promise to respond individually to all comments we will be sure to consider them all as we plan the release for 'State of the UK Climate 2015' next summer. Please email all comments to socuk@metoffice.gov.uk.

For more detailed information, please visit the UK climate on our website.

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