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Radiative Transfer Modelling

In order to simulate the upwelling radiance measured by a satellite instrument (e.g. for a near nadir viewing sounder like ), the electromagnetic radiation emitted or absorbed by gases along the viewing path, and from the surface and/or cloud, must be computed. For radiance assimilation in an model, this calculation must be made in a few milliseconds for all the radiance channels in order not to delay the production of the model forecast. Hence, the development of fast radiative transfer models is an important activity to enable assimilation of satellite radiances within the Met Office Numerical Weather Prediction models.

The RTTOV model is currently used to carry out rapid radiative transfer calculations for all the meteorological satellite instruments of current interest in the Met Office. The present version of (RTTOV-11) can simulate radiances for many different sensors, and has been developed under the EUMETSAT-funded NWP SAF, with the Met Office, Météo-France and ECMWF all contributing to its development.

With more and more data from high resolution infrared sounders (e.g. , and ) becoming available, new techniques need to be investigated if we are to simulate efficiently the thousands of available channels. In addition, developments in the knowledge of atmospheric spectroscopic parameters and techniques of line-by-line modelling need to be monitored, in order to incorporate these improvements into .

Key aims

  • To lead the radiative transfer model development to enable the assimilation of satellite radiances in models

Current projects

  • To support the maintenance of the latest versions of the fast radiative transfer model
  • To contribute to the development of as required by its users
  • To co-ordinate all the EUMETSAT NWP SAF radiative transfer work
  • To maintain a microwave line-by-line radiative transfer model for the NWP SAF