Burns' Day Storm - 25 January 1990

During daylight hours on 25 January 1990 an intense depression tracked across southern Scotland bringing severe gales and storm force winds to much of England and Wales evoking memories of the storm of 15/16 October 1987.

However, in many places wind speeds were comparable to or higher than October 1987. January 25th is the day when many Scots remember the birthday of their national poet Robert Burns.

Impacts

The strong winds affected a much larger area than in October 1987 and they struck during the day so consequently there were more deaths and injuries, with 47 lives lost. The wind speeds were comparable to those in 1987, but higher over parts of southern England and Wales. Once again there were disruptions to power supplies and to transport, particularly to road transport because of fallen trees and overturned vehicles. There was also considerable damage to buildings, particularly to housing and to the south of a line from west Wales to Suffolk. The loss of trees was less than in October 1987 since the strongest winds occurred in less wooded areas and deciduous trees were bare of leaves.

Weather Data

The synoptic chart for 12 GMT, 25 January 1990.

synop

The strongest winds were in the late morning and afternoon, with hourly mean speeds in excess of 40 kn (46 mph) across a large part of southern England and Wales and over 50 kn (58 m.p.h.) at exposed places along the coast. Gusts of over 80 kn (92 m.p.h.) were reported along coasts in west Wales and from Cornwall to Kent. The highest gusts recorded were 93 kn (107 m.p.h.) at Aberporth in west Wales and at Gwennap Head in Cornwall. The return period (average frequency of occurrence) of the maximum gusts was estimated at more than 100 years at places from Dorset to west London.

Highest gusts of over 60 knots (69 m.p.h.) recorded on 25 January 1990.

highestgust_kn

Highest mean hourly winds of over 30 knots (35 m.p.h.) recorded on 25 January 1990.

highestmean_kn

A selection of the highest gusts and mean hourly wind speeds on 25 January 1990. Many records were set which still stand.

Highest gusts and mean hourly wind speeds on 25th January 1990
Station County Gust (knots) Mean hourly (knots) Comments #
Aberporth Ceredigion 93 63 Highest gust and mean hourly wind, 1973-2009
Gwennap Head Cornwall 93 56 5th highest gust [highest 103kn 15 Dec 1979]
4th highest mean hourly wind, 1972-1991
Culdrose Cornwall 89 60 Highest gust and mean hourly wind, 1977-2009
Sheerness Kent 88 64 Highest gust and mean hourly wind January 1989-Dec 1992
Avonmouth South Gloucestershire 84 60 Highest gust and mean hourly wind 1973-2009
Plymouth (Mount Batten) Devon 84 60 Highest mean hourly wind, 1970-2009
[Gust of 86kn December 1999]
Shoreham-by-Sea West Sussex 84 56 2nd highest gust and mean hourly wind, 1980-1992 [Highest mean 72kn, gust 100kn 16th October 1987]
Isle of Portland Dorset 84 56 3rd highest gust, 1974-2009 [91kn 4th January 1998, 88 kn 28th October 1998] 2nd equal highest mean hourly wind [62kn 4th January 1998, 56kn 3rd January 1999]
Brawdy Pembrokeshire 83 50 Highest gust and mean hourly wind, 1974-92
Camborne Cornwall 83 52 Highest mean hourly wind, 1979-2009
[Gust of 84kn December 1993]
Chivenor Devon 80 52

2nd highest mean hourly and gust. 1981-2009 [Gust of 81kn and mean hourly of 54kn 4th January 1998]

Solent Hampshire 80 62 Highest gust and mean hourly wind, 1980-2009 (April 1987-June 1988 missing)
Boscombe Down Wiltshire 79 47 Highest gust and mean hourly wind, 1973-2009
Heathrow Greater London 76 33 Highest gust, 1973-2009
[Hourly mean 36kn 16 October 1987]
South Farnborough Hampshire 75 34 Highest gust,1973-2009 [Mean hourly wind of 35kn, 13 January 1993]
Hurn, Bournemouth Dorset 72 46 Highest mean hourly wind, 1981-2009

# Dates show the period of digitised record available.

Additional information

McCallum, E., 1990: The Burns' Day Storm, 25 January 1990. Weather, 45.

The Gales of January and February 1990: damage to buildings and structures. PSJ Buller BRE Report BRE248 Building Research Establishment October 1993.

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Last updated: 25 October 2012