Founded in 1960, Brazil's purpose-built capital city is famous for its modern architecture designed by the renowned Oscar Niemeyer.
Located in the Highlands of Brazil's Central-West region, the city was created to serve as a central hub for the nation.
The city is a classic example of a modernist design divided into numbered blocks with specific areas designated to activities, including the Banking Sector and the Hotel Sector all split by the Eixo Monumental.
Lúcio Costa and Oscar Niemeyer were the influential architects behind the designing some iconic landmarks of design.
National Congress of Brazil, Brasília by Rob Sinclair Amongst them is the Cathedral of Brasilia, a striking hyperboloid structure combining 16 columns flanked by four bronze statues representing the four Evangelists of the Gospels.
The presidential palace of Palácio da Alvorada is another worthwhile visit and was the first significant building in the city to be inaugurated.
Elsewhere the National Congress of Brazil is a striking testament to the unique futuristic vision of Costa and Niemeyer.The city is also home to the Estádio Nacional Mané Garrincha, Brazil's official national football stadium built in 1974 with the ability to hold up to 72,788 fans and named after the Brazilian legend, Garrincha, who twice led the country to World Cup victory.
Brasilia has a tropical savanna climate - with temperatures consistent throughout the year, the difference in the seasons in most noticeable by a change in humidity.
Last updated: 6 February 2015