The largest of the Balearic Islands, Majorca is set in the Mediterranean Sea off the east coast of Spain. Along with its fellow Balearics, Majorca prospers on the European stage from its tourism industry, attracting holiday makers to its warm and pleasant climate and offering many tourist attractions.
Data obtained from Palma de Mallorca weather station
Under Roman rule, the island flourished as a producer of olives and grapes thanks to its suitable climate; between then and the end of the Spanish Civil War in 1939 its territory had occasionally been contested by invading forces from the Moors to the Republicans. As package holidays abroad became popular and more affordable in the 1950s, the island began to receive a great deal of tourists, boosting local economy and leading to much redevelopment of the island which served as a base during the Civil War.
Being an island Majorca shares no land borders - although its fellow Balearics are all close by; Minorca, Ibiza, and Formentera make up this archipelago of Spain; each with similar climates and tourist attractions, but being the largest island does lend Majorca its own cultural benefits and the biggest piece of the holidaymaking action. Majorca's capital Palma is on the south coast, and with nearly half a million inhabitants it is the place to visit for a more vibrant cultural fix.
Running alongside the western coast of Majorca is the Serra de Tramuntana; a mountain range which in 2011 was awarded World Heritage Site status by UNESCO due to its natural and physical significance in the modern world and the call for its ongoing protection against development on the rest of the island. Its beautiful peaks and scenery make the region absolutely worth a visit.
Elsewhere on the island, Majorca boasts a great deal of options for the traveller who wants to see the sights during the daytime and dance the night away. For a glimpse of the new alongside the old, no trip would be complete without a walk around the Old City in Palma, where visitors can see jaunty architectural styles set out among the more typically Majorcan designs.
Sport fans in Palma will also want to take in a game at Real Mallorca; the Iberostar Stadium holds 23,000 fans and can be found in the Can Valero industrial part of Palma.
Last updated: 3 February 2015
Spain has three main climate zones with the south and east coasts characterised by a Mediterranean climate, the vast inland areas of the central plateau experience a continental climate while the north and northwest regions are classified as an oceanic climate.