Climate summaries

These web pages are a source of information for those interested in the climate of the UK. The pages are updated each month to reflect the latest month's weather across the UK. A timetable for publication of the climate summaries is available below.

Timing of summaries and statistics

Those interested in climate change and predictions of future climates should also visit the Climate Change pages.

UK last month

October 2014

October came as quite a contrast to the previous month, as the weather became unsettled and wet by the 3rd and remained so through the majority of the month, interspersed with only short periods of drier weather. With winds frequently from the south, this October was another month with well above average temperatures, and notably warm on the 31st.

The provisional UK mean temperature was 11.1 °C, which is 1.6 °C above the 1981-2010 long-term average. This made it the equal-tenth warmest October for the UK in a series since 1910, and only marginally cooler than the Octobers of 2011 and 2013. Rainfall was above average in some areas, particularly across much of Scotland and Cumbria, with double the long-term average around the Solway Firth and the Isle of Man. The overall UK rainfall was 125% of average. Sunshine was rather below normal overall, with a UK figure of 91%. The sunniest areas relative to average were Northern Ireland, the Western Isles of Scotland and the east coast of England.

A maximum temperature of 23.6 °C was recorded at Gravesend (Kent) and at Kew Gardens (Greater London) on the 31st. A minimum temperature of -3.7 °C was recorded at Altnaharra (Sutherland) on the 13th. In the 24 hours ending at 0900 GMT on the 4th, 96.1 mm of rain fell at Drumburgh (Cumbria). A wind gust of 84 mph was recorded at South Uist (Western Isles) on the 6th.

Monthly assessment | Regional values

Monthly, seasonal and annual summaries

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Historic monthly weather reports, British Rainfall publications and snow surveys of Great Britain

Monthly Weather Reports (1884 to 1993).

British Rainfall (1860 to 1991).

Snow Survey of Great Britain (1953/1954 to 1991/1992).

Homogeneous series based on selected station data

Central England Temperature (series begins in 1659).

UK Regional Precipitation (series begins in 1766).

Graphs, maps and data sets

Last updated: 4 November 2014