Climate summaries

These web pages are a source of information for those interested in the climate of the UK. The pages are updated each month to reflect the latest month's weather across the UK. A timetable for publication of the climate summaries is available below.

Timing of summaries and statistics

Those interested in climate change and predictions of future climates should also visit the Climate Change pages.

UK last month

December 2014

For much of December the weather was from the west, giving milder, wetter spells, particularly in the north and west, interspersed by drier brighter days. The moist, mild Atlantic air gave some notably high temperatures but there were colder spells too from 3rd to 14th and more especially from 27th to 30th. Although it was unsettled for much of the time, rainfall totals were mostly below average in the south and east and in these areas there was plenty of winter sunshine. On Boxing Day there were some snowfalls at lower elevations in Wales in northern England, followed by a notable anticyclonic spell toward the New Year. This brought clear skies, hard frosts and the lowest UK temperature readings of the calendar year.

The provisional UK mean temperature was 4.4 °C, which is 0.5 °C above the 1981-2010 long-term average. Rainfall was above average in the north and west, with approaching double the long-term average in parts of western and northern Scotland, but many east-coast counties and most of southern England were drier, giving an overall UK rainfall total of 108% of average. Sunshine was well above normal in most places, especially central and eastern areas. The UK received 146% of average sunshine hours, and it was provisionally the second sunniest December in a series from 1929.

A maximum temperature of 16.0 °C was recorded at Prestatyn (Denbighshire) on the 22nd. A minimum temperature of -9.0 °C was recorded at Cromdale (Moray) on the 27th. In the 24 hours ending at 0900 GMT on the 22nd, 80.2 mm of rain fell at Benmore, Younger Botanic Garden (Argyll). A wind gust of 90 mph was recorded at Needles (Isle of Wight) on the 12th. A snow depth of 22cm was recorded at Middleton (Derbyshire) at 0900 GMT on the 27th.

Monthly assessment | Regional values

Monthly, seasonal and annual summaries

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Historic monthly weather reports, British Rainfall publications and snow surveys of Great Britain

Monthly Weather Reports (1884 to 1993).

British Rainfall (1860 to 1991).

Snow Survey of Great Britain (1953/1954 to 1991/1992).

Homogeneous series based on selected station data

Central England Temperature (series begins in 1659).

UK Regional Precipitation (series begins in 1766).

Graphs, maps and data sets

Last updated: 8 January 2015