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Climate summaries

These web pages are a source of information for those interested in the climate of the UK. The pages are updated each month to reflect the latest month's weather across the UK. A timetable for publication of the climate summaries is available below.

Timing of summaries and statistics

Those interested in climate change and predictions of future climates should also visit the Climate Change pages.

UK last month

December 2016

At the start of December the weather was settled with high pressure in charge, and it was often cold and frosty with fog patches, especially in the south. The anticyclone pulled away to the east, and between the 6th and 20th southerly winds prevailed and often brought very mild conditions. Although these brought some rain at times, for much of the time it remained quiet, with fog in places. There was an unsettled spell from the 21st to 26th, which was stormy at times in central and northern Britain, associated with the passage of Storm Barbara on the 23rd and Storm Conor on the 25th and 26th. It generally stayed mild during this spell, but wintry showers affected Scotland at times, especially on the 26th. Settled conditions returned from the 27th, and it turned cold and frosty for a time, especially in the south.

The provisional UK mean temperature was 5.9 °C, which is 2.0 °C above the 1981-2010 long-term average, and the eighth warmest December in a series from 1910. It was mildest relative to average in the north, where anomalies exceeded 3 °C in parts of Scotland, but mean minimum temperatures were only slightly above normal in the south-east. It was a dry month except in north-west Scotland, with 69% of average rainfall overall, and it was particularly dry in south-east England. Sunshine was 104% of average, and it was a sunny month in most central and eastern parts of England, and the east of Northern Ireland, but a dull month in Wales, Cumbria and most of Scotland.

The UK monthly extremes were as follows:  A maximum temperature of 17.0 °C was recorded at Hawarden Airport (Flintshire) on the 7th.  A minimum temperature of -11.0 °C was recorded at Cromdale (Moray) on the 5th.  In the 24 hours ending at 0900 GMT on the 31st, 109.6 mm of rain fell at Kinlochewe (Wester Ross).  A wind gust of 82 knots (94 mph) was recorded at Sella Ness (Shetland) on the 26th.  Snow depths of 3 cm were reported at Cromdale (Moray) and Aviemore (Inverness-shire) on the 26th.

December 2016 | Regional values - December 2016

Monthly, seasonal and annual summaries

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Historic monthly weather reports, British Rainfall publications and snow surveys of Great Britain

Monthly Weather Report (1884 to 1993).

British Rainfall (1860 to 1991).

Snow Survey of Great Britain (1953/1954 to 1991/1992).

Daily weather summary and state of UK climate report

Daily Weather Summary  (from 2014).

State of the UK Climate (from 2014).

Homogeneous series based on selected station data

Central England Temperature (series begins in 1659).

UK Regional Precipitation (series begins in 1766).

Graphs, maps and data sets

UK actual and anomaly maps

Temperature, rainfall and sunshine time-series

UK temperature, rainfall and sunshine anomaly graphs

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Last updated: Jan 4, 2017 1:24 PM