Climate summaries

These web pages are a source of information for those interested in the climate of the UK. The pages are updated each month to reflect the latest month's weather across the UK. A timetable for publication of the climate summaries is available below.

Timing of summaries and statistics

Those interested in climate change and predictions of future climates should also visit the Climate Change pages.

UK last month

January 2016

At the start of January, the UK was in a very unsettled regime dominated by low pressure, with frequent active depressions and fronts, and record-breaking rainfall totals in north-east Scotland. It was a generally mild month in the south, but it turned colder everywhere for a few days around mid-month, with widespread frosts, and some snow, mainly over high ground and in the north. The last third of January was generally very mild and wet with strong winds, although Scotland was colder at times with wintry showers. Storm Gertrude caused widespread disruption near the end of the month, with damaging winds.

The provisional UK mean temperature was 4.5 °C, which is 0.9 °C above the 1981-2010 long-term average. England and Wales were mildest relative to average, while northern Scotland was very close to average. With 152% of average rainfall, it was provisionally the fourth wettest January in the UK series from 1910. Most of eastern Scotland and parts of north-east England had two to four times the normal rainfall, and for eastern Scotland it was the second wettest calendar month in the series, with December 2015 having been the wettest. The rain thus fell on already saturated ground and caused widespread flooding in Aberdeenshire. It was a wet month across most other areas but rainfall was much closer to average in western Scotland, the Midlands and East Anglia. Sunshine was generally near or above average in the south, but it was a dull month elsewhere, with 80% of average sunshine overall.

The UK monthly extremes were as follows: A maximum temperature of 16.5 °C was recorded at Achnagart (Highland) on the 24th. A minimum temperature of -12.4 °C was recorded at Kinbrace (Sutherland) on the 19th. In the 24 hours ending at 0900 GMT on the 4th, 103.8 mm of rain fell at Spittal of Glenmuick (Aberdeenshire). Wind gusts of 91 knots (105 mph) were recorded at Lerwick and Baltasound (both Shetland) on the 29th. A snow depth of 16 cm was measured at Spadeadam (Cumbria) on the 14th.

Monthly assessment | Regional values

Monthly, seasonal and annual summaries

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Historic monthly weather reports, British Rainfall publications and snow surveys of Great Britain

Monthly Weather Report (1884 to 1993).

British Rainfall (1860 to 1991).

Snow Survey of Great Britain (1953/1954 to 1991/1992).

Daily weather summary and state of UK climate report

Daily Weather Summary (from 2014).

State of the UK Climate (from 2014).

Homogeneous series based on selected station data

Central England Temperature (series begins in 1659).

UK Regional Precipitation (series begins in 1766).

Graphs, maps and data sets

Last updated: 3 February 2016