Climate summaries

These web pages are a source of information for those interested in the climate of the UK. The pages are updated each month to reflect the latest month's weather across the UK. A timetable for publication of the climate summaries is available below.

Timing of summaries and statistics

Those interested in climate change and predictions of future climates should also visit the Climate Change pages.

UK last month

July 2015

At the start of July there was very hot air over the UK, particularly England, with a humid southerly flow from the continent. This gave record-breaking July temperatures in parts of the south-east, and the highest temperature anywhere in the UK since August 2003. After this, however, the month was typified by a westerly Atlantic weather type, bringing cool and rather changeable weather generally, with rain or showers for much of the time, and only a few dry and warm days. There were some cold nights, especially in the last few days, and overall it was rather a cool month despite the hot start.

The provisional UK mean temperature was 14.4 °C, which is 0.7 °C below the 1981-2010 long-term average. It was coldest relative to average in the west and north. Rainfall was above average over most of the country, with parts of Scotland, East Anglia and elsewhere approaching double the normal rainfall amount; near-normal totals were restricted to parts of the Midlands and south-east England. The overall UK rainfall total was 140% of average. Sunshine amounts were unremarkable generally, with a UK total amounting to 96% of average.

The UK monthly extremes were as follows: A maximum temperature of 36.7 °C was recorded at Heathrow (Greater London) on the 1st, a new UK record for July. A minimum temperature of -0.6 °C was recorded at Katesbridge (County Down) on the 15th. In the 24 hours ending at 0900 GMT on the 17th, 87.1 mm of rain fell at Cambridge Botanic Gardens. A wind gust of 60 mph was recorded at Needles (Isle of Wight) on the 26th.

Monthly assessment | Regional values

Monthly, seasonal and annual summaries

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Historic monthly weather reports, British Rainfall publications and snow surveys of Great Britain

Monthly Weather Reports (1884 to 1993).

British Rainfall (1860 to 1991).

Snow Survey of Great Britain (1953/1954 to 1991/1992).

Daily weather summary

Daily Weather Summary (from 2014).

Homogeneous series based on selected station data

Central England Temperature (series begins in 1659).

UK Regional Precipitation (series begins in 1766).

Graphs, maps and data sets

Last updated: 5 August 2015