Climate summaries

These web pages are a source of information for those interested in the climate of the UK. The pages are updated each month to reflect the latest month's weather across the UK. A timetable for publication of the climate summaries is available below.

Timing of summaries and statistics

Those interested in climate change and predictions of future climates should also visit the Climate Change pages.

UK last month

July 2016

At the start of July the weather was breezy and showery, with low pressure in charge. Unsettled conditions persisted for much of the first half of the month, with fronts frequently bringing rain to the north and west, although rainfall amounts were generally small in the south. It was generally warmer and sunnier between the 17th and 23rd, with a brief hot spell from the 18th to 20th, which triggered a thundery breakdown in the north and across parts of East Anglia. Changeable weather resumed during the last week, with further frequent belts of rain, but again many southern areas often stayed dry.

The provisional UK mean temperature was 15.3 °C, which is 0.2 °C above the 1981-2010 long-term average. Mean minimum temperatures were slightly above average in all regions, but mean maximum temperatures were slightly below average in the west. Rainfall was 104% of average, but with a strong north-south contrast. It was generally wetter than average in Scotland, Northern Ireland, Cumbria and Snowdonia, but drier than average in south Wales and the southern half of England, with less than 5 mm of rain locally in the far south. Sunshine was 92% of average, and it was cloudier than average in Scotland, Northern Ireland, west Wales and parts of western England, but sunshine was slightly above average over much of eastern England.

The UK monthly extremes were as follows: A maximum temperature of 33.5 °C was recorded at Brize Norton (Oxfordshire) on the 19th, with 33.9 °C at Jersey Airport (Channel Islands). A minimum temperature of 0.5 °C was recorded at Altnaharra (Sutherland) on the 2nd. In the 24 hours ending at 0900 GMT on the 21st, 97.9 mm of rain fell at Nunraw Abbey (East Lothian). Wind gusts of 49 knots (56 mph) were recorded at Needles Old Battery (Isle of Wight) on the 10th and 11th.

Monthly assessment | Regional values

Monthly, seasonal and annual summaries

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Historic monthly weather reports, British Rainfall publications and snow surveys of Great Britain

Monthly Weather Report (1884 to 1993).

British Rainfall (1860 to 1991).

Snow Survey of Great Britain (1953/1954 to 1991/1992).

Daily weather summary and state of UK climate report

Daily Weather Summary (from 2014).

State of the UK Climate (from 2014).

Homogeneous series based on selected station data

Central England Temperature (series begins in 1659).

UK Regional Precipitation (series begins in 1766).

Graphs, maps and data sets

UK actual and anomaly maps

Temperature, rainfall and sunshine time-series

UK temperature, rainfall and sunshine anomaly graphs

Download regional values

Last updated: 3 August 2016

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