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External collaborations on monthly to decadal prediction

Research collaboration will be essential for delivering the predictive capability that the Met Office will require in the coming decade.

The Met Office Hadley Centre groups involved in monthly to decadal forecasting actively collaborate with academic and operational institutions around the world.

Key projects

  • WMO Regional climate outlook forums (RCOFs): for several regions of the world, provision of real-time regional climate outlook products.

  • WMO El Niño/La Niña updates: international consensus on monitoring and outlook of ENSO.

  • WMO MME LC: operational multi-model ensemble from Global Producing Centres (of long-range forecasts).

  • EUROSIP: operational multi-model ensemble for seasonal to interannual prediction.

  • WGSIP: develop a programme of numerical experimentation for seasonal-to-interannual variability and predictability, develop appropriate data assimilation, model initialisations and forecasting procedures for seasonal-to-interannual predictions.

  • SPECS: research and dissemination activities to deliver a new generation of European climate forecast systems, with improved forecast quality at seasonal-to-decadal time scales.
  • COMBINE: advance Earth system models for more accurate climate projections, and reduced uncertainty in the prediction of climate and climate change in the next decades.

  • Euro-Argo: secure the future of the Argo array and demonstrate its usefulness for climate predictions.


    • develop an objective probabilistic estimate of uncertainty in future climate at the seasonal to decadal and longer timescales;

    • quantify and reduce the uncertainty in the representation of feedbacks in the Earth system;

    • link the outputs of the ensemble prediction system to a range of applications.

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