Tropical cyclone names

Various meteorological organisations have responsibility for names and employ different conventions. Some cycle through a set number of lists starting at "A" each year. Some continuously cycle through names without reverting to "A" each year and some start a new list each year. In the areas with cyclical lists a name will be retired if the cyclone bearing it was particularly notorious and caused loss of life.

It is usual practice for a storm to be named when it reaches tropical storm strength (winds of 34 knots). However, JTWC Hawaii, NHC Miami and CPHC Hawaii also give every tropical depression an identifier in the form of two digits and a letter. The digits start at "01" each season and are incremented for each new depression in the region. The letter defines the region in the following way:

W : Western North Pacific (west of 180 °)
C : Central North Pacific (140-180 °W)
E : Eastern North Pacific (east of 140 °W)
L : North Atlantic
A : Arabian sea
B : Bay of Bengal
S : South Indian Ocean (west of 135 °E)
P : South Pacific Ocean (east of 135 °E)

NHC Miami and CPHC Hawaii also use the "ATCF" identifier for Eastern & Central North Pacific and Atlantic depressions. For example, EP052015 indicates the 5th tropical depression in 2015 in the Eastern North Pacific. AL092014 indicates the 9th tropical depression in 2014 in the Atlantic. Prior to 2003 a 2-digit year was used.

Note, not all tropical depressions reach tropical storm status or are given names. Southern hemisphere storms are numbered in a single sequence irrespective of whether they are in the "S" or "P" areas. North Indian Ocean storms are numbered in a single sequence irrespective of whether they are in the "A" or "B" areas.

Northern hemisphere index

Southern hemisphere index

Western North Pacific names

List 1 List 2 List 3 List 4 List 5
Damrey Kong-rey Nakri Krovanh Trases
Haikui Yutu Fengshen Dujuan Mulan
Kirogi Toraji Kalmaegi Mujigae Meari
Kai-tak Man-yi Fung-wong Choi-wan Ma-on
Tembin (2017) Usagi (2018) Kammuri Koguma Tokage
Bolaven Pabuk Phanfone Champi Hinnamnor
Sanba Wutip Vongfong In-fa Muifa
Jelawat Sepat Nuri Cempaka Merbok
Ewiniar Mun Sinlaku Nepartak Nanmadol
Maliksi  Danas Hagupit Lupit Talas
Gaemi Nari Jangmi Mirinae Noru
Prapiroon Wipha Mekkhala Nida Kulap
Maria Francisco Higos Omais Roke
Son-Tinh Lekima Bavi Conson Sonca
Ampil Krosa Maysak Chanthu Nesat
Wukong Bailu Haishen Dianmu Haitang
Jongdari Podul Noul Mindulle Nalgae
Shanshan Lingling Dolphin Lionrock Banyan
Yagi Kajiki Kujira Kompasu Hato
Leepi Faxai Chan-hom Namtheun Pakhar
Bebinca Peipah Linfa Malou Sanvu
Rumbia Tapah Nangka Nyatoh Mawar
Soulik Mitag Saudel Rai Guchol
Cimaron Hagibis Molave Malakas Talim
Jebi Neoguri Goni Megi Doksuri
Mangkhut Bualoi Atsani Chaba Khanun
Barijat Matmo Etau Aere Lan
Trami Halong Vamco Songda Saola

Since 2000 onwards, a new international list of names has been used for tropical storms in the North-West Pacific basin and are assigned by the Japan Meteorological Agency as storms develop.

The year is included in parentheses after the last name to be used in that season.

Meaning of names (Japan Meteorological Agency)

Meaning and pronunciation of names (Hong Kong Observatory)

Philippine names

2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Amang (Mekkhala) Ambo (-) Auring (01W) Agaton (Bolaven)

Amang (01W)

Betty (Bavi) Butchoy (Nepartak) Bising (-) Basyang (Sanba)

Betty (Wutip)

Chedeng (Maysak) Carina (Nida) Crising (02W) Caloy (Jelawat)

Chedeng (03W)

Dodong (Noul) Dindo (Lionrock) Dante (Muifa) Domeng (Maliksi)

Dodong (Sepat)

Egay (Linfa) Enteng (Namtheun) Emong (Nanmadol) Ester (Gaemi)

Egay (04W)

Falcon (Chan-hom) Ferdie (Meranti) Fabian (Roke) Florita (Prapiroon)

Falcon (Danas)

Goring (Halola) Gener (Malakas) Gorio (Nesat) Gardo (Maria)

Goring (-)

Hanna (Soudelor) Helen (Megi) Huaning (Haitang) Henry (Son-tinh)

Hanna (Lekima)

Ineng (Goni) Igme (Chaba) Isang (Hato) Inday (Ampil)

Ineng (Bailu)

Jenny (Dujuan) Julian (Aere) Jolina (Pakhar) Josie (13W)

Jenny (Podul)

Kabayan (Mujigae) Karen (Sarika) Kiko (Guchol) Karding (Yagi)

Kabayan (Kajiki)

Lando (Koppu) Lawin (Haima) Lannie (Talim) Luis (24W)

Liwayway (Lingling)

Marilyn (In-fa) Marce (Tokage) Maring (Doksuri) Maymay (Jebi)

Marilyn (-)

Nona (Melor) Nina (Nock-ten) Nando (22W) Neneng (Barijat)

Nimfa (Tapah)

Onyok (29W) Ofel  Odette (Khanun) Ompong (Mangkhut)

Onyok (Mitag)

Perla Pepito Paolo (Lan) Paeng (Trami)

Perla (Neoguri)

Quiel  Quinta  Quedan (Saola) Queenie (Kong-rey)

Quiel

Ramon  Rolly Ramil (Damrey) Rosita (Yutu)

Ramon

Sarah Siony Salome (Haikui) Samuel

Sarah

Tisoy Tonyo Tino (Kirogi) Tomas

Tisoy

Ursula Ulysses Urduja (Kai-tak) Usman

Ursula

Viring Vicky Vinta (Tembin) Venus

Viring

Weng Warren Wilma Waldo

Weng

Yoyoy Yoyong Yasmin Yayang

Yoyoy

Zigzag Zosimo Zoraida Zeny

Zigzag

These lists of names are applied to any storms in the Philippine area (5-25 °N and 115-135 °E) and are used in addition to the name given to the storm from the JMA list for the North-west Pacific, which are shown in parentheses.

For past storms the JMA name used for the storm is given in bold

Central North Pacific names

List 1 List 2 List 3 List 4
Akoni (2019) Aka Alika (2002) Ana (2014)
Ema (2019) Ekeka (1992) Ele (2002) Ela (2015)
Hone Hali (1992) (Hene) Huko (2002) Halola (2015)
Iona Iniki (1992) (Iolana) Ioke (2006) (Iopa) Iune (2015)
Keli Keoni (1993) Kika (2008) Kilo (2015)
Lala Li (1994) (Lino) Lana (2009) Loke (2015)
Moke Mele (1994) Maka (2009) Malia (2015)
Nolo Nona (1994) Neki (2009) Niala (2015)
Olana Oliwa (1997) Omeka (2010) Oho (2015)
Pena Paka (1997) (Pama) Pewa (2013) Pali (2016)
Ulana Upana (2000) Unala (2013) Ulika (2016)
Wale Wene (2000) Wali (2014) Walaka (2018)

These lists are used sequentially. The first name in any given year is the one immediately following the last name from the previous year.

Names in bold will replace the adjacent names next time they are used.

The years that the names were used are given in parentheses.

Eastern North Pacific names

2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
Andres Agatha Adrian Aletta Alvin Amanda Andres
Blanca Blas Beatriz Bud Barbara Boris Blanca
Carlos Celia Calvin Carlotta Cosme Cristina Carlos
Dolores Darby Dora Daniel Dalila Douglas Dolores
Enrique Estelle Eugene Emilia Erick Elida Enrique
Felicia Frank Fernanda Fabio Flossie Fausto Felicia
Guillermo Georgette Greg Gilma Gil Genevieve Guillermo
Hilda Howard Hilary Hector Henriette Hernan Hilda
Ignacio Ivette Irwin Ileana Ivo Iselle Ignacio
Jimena Javier Jova John Juliette Julio Jimena
Kevin Kay Kenneth Kristy Kiko Karina Kevin
Linda Lester Lidia Lane Lorena Lowell Linda
Marty Madeline Max Miriam Mario Marie Marty
Nora Newton Norma Norman Narda Norbert Nora
Olaf Orlene Otis Olivia Octave Odalys Olaf
Patricia Paine Pilar Paul Priscilla Polo Pamela
Rick Roslyn Ramon Rosa Raymond Rachel Rick
Sandra Seymour Selma Sergio Sonia Simon Sandra
Terry Tina Todd Tara Tico Trudy Terry
Vivian Virgil Veronica Vicente Velma Vance Vivian
Waldo Winifred Wiley Willa Wallis Winnie Waldo
Xina Xavier Xina Xavier Xina Xavier Xina
York Yolanda York Yolanda York Yolanda York
Zelda Zeke Zelda Zeke Zelda Zeke Zelda

The first storm of each year begins with the letter "A". These lists are re-cycled every six years.

Last names used in previous seasons in bold.

North Atlantic names

2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
Ana Alex Arlene Alberto Andrea Arthur Ana
Bill Bonnie Bret Beryl Barry Bertha Bill
Claudette Colin Cindy Chris Chantal Cristobal Claudette
Danny Danielle Don Debby Dorian Dolly Danny
Erika Earl Emily Ernesto Erin Edouard Elsa
Fred Fiona Franklin Florence Fernand Fay Fred
Grace Gaston Gert Gordon Gabrielle Ganzalo Grace
Henri Hermine Harvey Helene Humberto Hanna Henri
Ida Ian Irma Isaac Imelda Isaias Ida
Joaquin Julia Jose Joyce Jerry Josephine Julian
Kate Karl Katia Kirk Karen Kyle Kate
Larry Lisa Lee Leslie Lorenzo Laura Larry
Mindy Matthew Maria Michael Melissa Marco Mindy
Nicholas Nicole Nate Nadine Nestor Nana Nicholas
Odette Otto Ophelia Oscar Olga Omar Odette
Peter Paula Philippe Patty Pablo Paulette Peter
Rose Richard Rina Rafael Rebekah Rene Rose
Sam Shary Sean Sara Sebastien Sally Sam
Teresa Tobias Tammy Tony Tanya Teddy Teresa
Victor Virginie Vince Valerie Van Vicky Victor
Wanda Walter Whitney William Wendy Wilfred Wanda

The first storm of each year begins with the letter "A". These lists are also re-cycled every 6 years.
For information on the retirement of TC names in the North Atlantic go to the NOAA public affairs web site.

Last names used in previous seasons in bold.

Pronunciation of names

North Indian Ocean names

Names used from 2004 onwards
List 1 List 2 List 3 List 4
Onil Ogni (2006) Nisha (2008) Giri
Agni (2004) Akash Bijli Jal (2010)
Hibaru Gonu Aila Keila
Pyarr Yemyin Phyan Thane (2011)
Baaz Sidr (2007) Ward (2009) Murjan
Fanoos (2005) Nargis Laila Nilam (2012)
Mala Rashmi Bandu Mahasen
Mukda Khai-Muk Phet Phailin
List 5 List 6 List 7 List 8
Helen Chapala Ockhi (2017) Fani
Lehar Megh (2015) Sagar Vayu
Madi (2013) Roanu Mekunu Hikaa
Nanauk Kyant Daye Kyarr
Hudhud Nada Luban Maha
Nilofar (2014) Vardah (2016) Titli Bulbul
Ashobaa Maarutha Gaja Pawan
Komen Mora Phethai (2018) Amphan

These lists will be used sequentially. The first name in any given year is the one immediately following the last name from the previous year.

The year is included in parentheses after the last name to be used in that season.

South-west Indian Ocean names

2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20
Adjali Annabelle Abela Ava Alcide Ambali
Bansi Bohale Bransby Berguitta Bouchra Belna
Chedza Corentin Carlos Cebile Cilida Calvinia
Diamondra Daya Dineo Dumazile Desmond Diane
Eunice Emeraude Enawo Eliakim Eketsang Esami
Fundi Fantala Fernando Fakir Funani Francisco
Glenda Gao Gabekile Guambe Gelena Gabekile
Haliba Hassina Herold Habana Haleh Herold
Ikola Inacio Irondro Iman Idai Irondro
Joalane Juma Jeruto Jobo Joaninha Jeruto
Kesha Ketiwe Kundai Kanga Kenneth Kundai
Lugenda Lalelani Lisebo Ludzi Lorna Lisebo
Mahara Moabi Michel Melina Maipelo Michel
Nathan Naima Nousra Nathan Njazi Nousra
Oscar Octave Olivier Onaise Oscar Olivier
Puleng Piera Pokera Pelagie Pamela Pokera
Quenelle Quizito Quincy Quamar Quentin Quincy
Roselina Richard Rebaone Rita Rajab Rebaone
Sitara Sofia Salama Solani Savana Salama
Tarik Tatiana Tristan Tarik Themba Tristan
Umali Umboni Ursula Urilia Uyapo Ursula
Vuntu Vela Violet Vuyane Vivane Violet
Wezi Wayne Wilson Wagner Walter Wilson
Xolani Xaba Xila Xusa Xangy Xila
Yolande Yazid Yekela Yarona Yemurai Yekela
Zita Zenani Zaina Zacharias Zanele Zaina

The first storm of each year begins with the letter "A".
Last name used in previous seasons in bold.

Mauritius Met. Service list of names

Australian region

Names used from 2008 onwards
List 1 List 2 List 3 List 4 List 5
Anika Anthony Alessia Alfred Ann (2018-19)
Billy Bianca Bruce Blanche Blake
Charlotte Carlos (Courtney) Christine (Catherine) Caleb Claudia
Dominic Dianne Dylan Debbie Damien
Ellie Errol (2010-11) Edna Ernie Esther
Freddy Fina Fletcher Frances Ferdinand
Gabrielle Grant Gillian Greg (2016-17) Gretel
Hamish (Herman) Heidi (Hayley) Hadi Hilda Harold
Ilsa Iggy Ita (Ivana) Irving Imogen
Jasper Jasmine (Jenna) Jack (2013-14) Joyce Joshua
Kirrily (2008-9) Koji Kate Kelvin Kimi
Laurence (Lincoln) Lua (2011-12) (Luana) Lam (Laszio) Linda Lucas
Magda (Megan) Mitchell Marcia (Mingzhu) Marcus Marian
Neville Narelle Nathan Nora (2017-18) Noah
Olga Oswald (Oran) Olwyn (-) Owen Odette
Paul Peta Quang  (Quincey) Penny Paddy
Robyn Rusty (Riordan) Raquel (2014-15) Riley Ruby
Sean (2009-10) Sandra Stan Savannah Seth
Tasha Tim Tatiana Trevor Tiffany
Vince Victoria Uriah (2015-16) Veronica Vernon
Zelia Zane (2012-13) Yvette Wallace  

These lists are used sequentially. The first name in any given year was the one immediately following the last name from the previous year.

The year is included in parentheses after the last name to be used in that season.

Names in bold will replace the adjacent names next time they are used. * indicates replacement name not chosen yet.

Australian Bureau of Meteorology tropical cyclone names web page

Indonesian region

List 1 List 2
Durga (2008)  
Anggrek (2010) Anggur
Bakung (2014) Belimbing
Cempaka (2017) Duku
Dahlia (2017) Jambu
Flamboyan (2018) Lengkeng
Kenanga (2018) Mangga
Lili (2019) Nangka
Mawar Pisang
Seroja Rambuta
Teratai Sawo

The left hand list is used sequentially. Names from the right hand list used as replacements when necessary.

The years that the names were used are given in parentheses.

Fiji region names

List 1 List 2 List 3 List 4 List 5 (reserve)
Ami (Ana) Arthur Atu (Alvin) Amos (2015-16) Aru
Beni (Bina) Becky Bune (2010-11) Bart Ben
Cilla (Cody) Cliff (2006-7) (Chip) Cyril Cook Cama
Dovi Daman (Denia) Daphne (2011-12) Donna Dean
Eseta (Eva) Elisa Evan (Eden) Ella (2016-17) Emosi
Fili Funa (Fotu) Freda (Florin) Fehi Fanny
Gina (2002-3) Gene (2007-8) (Glen) Garry Gita Garth
Heta (Hagar) Hettie Haley (2012-13) Hola Hart
Ivy (2003-4) (Irene) Innis Ian (Isa) Iris Ili
Judy Joni (Julie) June Josie Jo
Kerry (Kevin) Ken Kofi Keni (2017-18) Kala
Lola Lin (2008-9) Lusi (Louise) Liua Lute
Meena (Mal) Mick (Maciu) Mike (2013-14) Mona Mata
Nancy (Nat) Nisha Niko Neil Neta
Olaf (Osai) Oli (Orea) Ola (Opeti) Oma Olivia
Percy (Pita) Pat (Pearl) Pam (Perry) Pola (2018-19) Pana
Rae Rene Reuben Rita Rex
Sheila (2004-5) Sarah Solo (2014-15) Sarai Seru
Tam Tomas (Troy) Tuni Tino Tasi
Urmil Ului (2009-10) (Uinita) Ula (Usa) Uili Uesi
Vaianu Vania (Vanessa) Victor Vicky Velma
Wati (2005-6) Wilma (Wano) Winston (Wanita) Wiki Wasa
Xavier - - - -
Yani Yasi (Yvonne)

Yalo

Yolanda Yasa
Zita Zaka Zena Zazu Zanna

Lists A, B, C, and D are used sequentially. The first name in any given year is the one immediately following the last name from the previous year. List E is a list of replacement names if they become necessary.

The year is included in parentheses after the last name to be used in that season.

Names in bold will replace the adjacent names when they are next used.

Papua New Guinea region names

List 1 List 2 List 3
Adel (1993) Alu Nou
Upia (2002) Buri Obaha
Epi (2003) Dodo Paia
  Emau Ranu
  Fere Sabi
  Guba (2007) Tau
  Hibu Ume
  Ila Ume
  Kama Vali
  Lobu Auram
  Maila  

These names are used randomly. The years that the names were used are given in parentheses.

South Atlantic region names

Arani (2011)
Bapo (2015)
Cari (2015)
Deni (2016)
Eçai (2016)
Guara (2017)
Iba (2019)
Jaguar (2019)
Kamby
Mani

These names are used sequentially. The years that the names were used are given in parentheses.