Tropical cyclone names

Various meteorological organisations have responsibility for names and employ different conventions. Some cycle through a set number of lists starting at "A" each year. Some continuously cycle through names without reverting to "A" each year and some start a new list each year. In the areas with cyclical lists a name will be retired if the cyclone bearing it was particularly notorious and caused loss of life.

It is usual practice for a storm to be named when it reaches tropical storm strength (winds of 34 knots). However, JTWC Hawaii, NHC Miami and CPHC Hawaii also give every tropical depression an identifier in the form of two digits and a letter. The digits start at "01" each season and are incremented for each new depression in the region. The letter defines the region in the following way:

W : Western North Pacific (west of 180 °)
C : Central North Pacific (140-180 °W)
E : Eastern North Pacific (east of 140 °W)
L : North Atlantic
A : Arabian sea
B : Bay of Bengal
S : South Indian Ocean (west of 135 °E)
P : South Pacific Ocean (east of 135 °E)
Q : South Atlantic

NHC Miami and CPHC Hawaii also use the "ATCF" identifier for Eastern & Central North Pacific and Atlantic depressions. For example, EP052019 indicates the 5th tropical depression in 2019 in the Eastern North Pacific. AL092020 indicates the 9th tropical depression in 2020 in the Atlantic. Prior to 2003 a 2-digit year was used.

Note, not all tropical depressions reach tropical storm status or are given names. Southern hemisphere storms in the Pacific and Indian Oceans are numbered in a single sequence irrespective of whether they are in the "S" or "P" areas. North Indian Ocean storms are numbered in a single sequence irrespective of whether they are in the "A" or "B" areas.

Northern hemisphere index

Southern hemisphere index

Western North Pacific names

List 1 List 2 List 3 List 4 List 5
Damrey Kong-rey Nakri Krovanh (2020) Trases
Haikui Yutu Fengshen Dujuan Mulan
Kirogi Toraji Kalmaegi Mujigae Meari
Kai-tak Man-yi Fung-wong Choi-wan Ma-on
Tembin (2017) Usagi (2018) Kammuri Koguma Tokage
Bolaven Pabuk Phanfone (2019) Champi Hinnamnor
Sanba Wutip Vongfong In-fa Muifa
Jelawat Sepat Nuri Cempaka Merbok
Ewiniar Mun Sinlaku Nepartak Nanmadol
Maliksi  Danas Hagupit Lupit Talas
Gaemi Nari Jangmi Mirinae Noru
Prapiroon Wipha Mekkhala Nida Kulap
Maria Francisco Higos Omais Roke
Son-Tinh Lekima Bavi Conson Sonca
Ampil Krosa Maysak Chanthu Nesat
Wukong Bailu Haishen Dianmu Haitang
Jongdari Podul Noul Mindulle Nalgae
Shanshan Lingling Dolphin Lionrock Banyan
Yagi Kajiki Kujira Kompasu Yamaneko
Leepi Faxai Chan-hom Namtheun Pakhar
Bebinca Peipah Linfa Malou Sanvu
Rumbia Tapah Nangka Nyatoh Mawar
Soulik Mitag Saudel Rai Guchol
Cimaron Hagibis Molave Malakas Talim
Jebi Neoguri Goni Megi Doksuri
Mangkhut Bualoi Atsani Chaba Khanun
Barijat Matmo Etau Aere Lan
Trami Halong Vamco Songda Saola

Since 2000 onwards, a new international list of names has been used for tropical storms in the North-West Pacific basin and are assigned by the Japan Meteorological Agency as storms develop.

The year is included in parentheses after the last name to be used in that season.

Meaning of names (Japan Meteorological Agency)

Meaning and pronunciation of names (Hong Kong Observatory)

Philippine names

2016 2017 2018 2019

2020

2021
Ambo (-) Auring (01W) Agaton (Bolaven)

Amang (01W)

Ambo (Vongfong)

Auring (Dujuan)
Butchoy (Nepartak) Bising (-) Basyang (Sanba)

Betty (Wutip)

Butchoy (Nuri)

Bising (Surigae)
Carina (Nida) Crising (02W) Caloy (Jelawat)

Chedeng (03W)

Carina (-)

Crising
Dindo (Lionrock) Dante (Muifa) Domeng (Maliksi)

Dodong (Sepat)

Dindo (Hagupit)

Dante
Enteng (Namtheun) Emong (Nanmadol) Ester (Gaemi)

Egay (04W)

Enteng (Jangmi)

Emong
Ferdie (Meranti) Fabian (Roke) Florita (Prapiroon)

Falcon (Danas)

Ferdie (Mekkhala)

Fabian
Gener (Malakas) Gorio (Nesat) Gardo (Maria)

Goring (-)

Gener (06W)

Gorio
Helen (Megi) Huaning (Haitang) Henry (Son-tinh)

Hanna (Lekima)

Helen (Higos)

Huaning
Igme (Chaba) Isang (Hato) Inday (Ampil)

Ineng (Bailu)

Igme (Bavi)

Isang
Julian (Aere) Jolina (Pakhar) Josie (13W)

Jenny (Podul)

Julian (Maysak)

Jolina
Karen (Sarika) Kiko (Guchol) Karding (Yagi)

Kabayan (Kajiki)

Kristine (Haishen)

Kiko
Lawin (Haima) Lannie (Talim) Luis (24W)

Liwayway (Lingling)

Leon (Noul)

Lannie
Marce (Tokage) Maring (Doksuri) Maymay (Jebi)

Marilyn (-)

Marce (Dolphin)

Maring
Nina (Nock-ten) Nando (22W) Neneng (Barijat)

Nimfa (Tapah)

Nika (Nangka)

Nando
Ofel  Odette (Khanun) Ompong (Mangkhut)

Onyok (Mitag)

Ofel (-)

Odette
Pepito Paolo (Lan) Paeng (Trami)

Perla (Neoguri)

Pepito (Saudel)

Paolo
Quinta  Quedan (Saola) Queenie (Kong-rey)

Quiel (Nakri)

Quinta (Molave)

Quedan
Rolly Ramil (Damrey) Rosita (Yutu)

Ramon (Kalmaegi)

Rolly (Goni)

Ramil
Siony Salome (Haikui) Samuel

Sarah (Fung-wong)

Siony (Atsani)

Salome
Tonyo Tino (Kirogi) Tomas

Tisoy (Kammuri)

Tonyo (Etau)

Tino
Ulysses Urduja (Kai-tak) Usman

Ursula (Phanfone)

Ulysses (Vamco)

Uwan
Vicky Vinta (Tembin) Venus

Viring

Vicky (Krovanh)

Verbena
Warren Wilma Waldo

Weng

Warren

Wilma
Yoyong Yasmin Yayang

Yoyoy

Yoyong

Yasmin
Zosimo Zoraida Zeny

Zigzag

Zosimo

Zoraida

These lists of names are applied to any storms in the Philippine area (5-25 °N and 115-135 °E) and are used in addition to the name given to the storm from the JMA list for the North-west Pacific, which are shown in parentheses.

For past storms the JMA name used for the storm is given in bold

Central North Pacific names

List 1 List 2 List 3 List 4
Akoni (2019) Aka Alika (2002) Ana (2014)
Ema (2019) Ekeka (1992) Ele (2002) Ela (2015)
Hone Hali (1992) (Hene) Huko (2002) Halola (2015)
Iona Iniki (1992) (Iolana) Ioke (2006) (Iopa) Iune (2015)
Keli Keoni (1993) Kika (2008) Kilo (2015)
Lala Li (1994) (Lino) Lana (2009) Loke (2015)
Moke Mele (1994) Maka (2009) Malia (2015)
Nolo Nona (1994) Neki (2009) Niala (2015)
Olana Oliwa (1997) Omeka (2010) Oho (2015)
Pena Paka (1997) (Pama) Pewa (2013) Pali (2016)
Ulana Upana (2000) Unala (2013) Ulika (2016)
Wale Wene (2000) Wali (2014) Walaka (2018)

These lists are used sequentially. The first name in any given year is the one immediately following the last name from the previous year.

Names in bold will replace the adjacent names next time they are used.

The years that the names were used are given in parentheses.

Eastern North Pacific names

2020 2021

2022

2023

2024 2025 2026 Reserve
Amanda Andres Agatha Adrian Aletta Alvin Amanda Aidan
Boris Blanca Blas Beatriz Bud Barbara Boris Bruna
Cristina Carlos Celia Calvin Carlotta Cosme Cristina Carmelo
Douglas Dolores Darby Dora Daniel Dalila Douglas Daniella
Elida Enrique Estelle Eugene Emilia Erick Elida Esteban
Fausto Felicia Frank Fernanda Fabio Flossie Fausto Flor
Genevieve Guillermo Georgette Greg Gilma Gil Genevieve Gerardo
Hernan Hilda Howard Hilary Hector Henriette Hernan Hedda
Iselle Ignacio Ivette Irwin Ileana Ivo Iselle Izzy
Julio Jimena Javier Jova John Juliette Julio Jacinta
Karina Kevin Kay Kenneth Kristy Kiko Karina Kenito
Lowell Linda Lester Lidia Lane Lorena Lowell Luna
Marie Marty Madeline Max Miriam Mario Marie Marina
Norbert Nora Newton Norma Norman Narda Norbert Nancy
Odalys Olaf Orlene Otis Olivia Octave Odalys Ovidio
Polo Pamela Paine Pilar Paul Priscilla Polo Pia
Rachel Rick Roslyn Ramon Rosa Raymond Rachel Rey
Simon Sandra Seymour Selma Sergio Sonia Simon Skylar
Trudy Terry Tina Todd Tara Tico Trudy Teo
Vance Vivian Virgil Veronica Vicente Velma Vance Violeta
Winnie Waldo Winifred Wiley Willa Wallis Winnie Wilfredo
Xavier Xina Xavier Xina Xavier Xina Xavier Xinia
Yolanda York Yolanda York Yolanda York Yolanda Yariel
Zeke Zelda Zeke Zelda Zeke Zelda Zeke Zoe

The first storm of each year begins with the letter "A". These lists are re-cycled every six years.

If all names from a list are exhausted, names from the reserve list will be used.

Last names used in previous seasons in bold.

North Atlantic names

2020 2021

2022

2023

2024 2025 2026 Reserve
Arthur Ana Alex Arlene Alberto Andrea Arthur Adria
Bertha Bill Bonnie Bret Beryl Barry Bertha Braylen
Cristobal Claudette Colin Cindy Chris Chantal Cristobal Caridad
Dolly Danny Danielle Don Debby Dexter Dolly Deshawn
Edouard Elsa Earl Emily Ernesto Erin Edouard Emery
Fay Fred Fiona Franklin Francine Fernand Fay Foster
Ganzalo Grace Gaston Gert Gordon Gabrielle Ganzalo Gemma
Hanna Henri Hermine harold Helene Humberto Hanna Heath
Isaias Ida Ian Idalia Isaac Imelda Isaias Isla
Josephine Julian Julia Jose Joyce Jerry Josephine Jacobus
Kyle Kate Karl Katia Kirk Karen Kyle Kenzie
Laura Larry Lisa Lee Leslie Lorenzo Leah Lucio
Marco Mindy Martin Margot Milton Melissa Marco Makayla
Nana Nicholas Nicole Nigel Nadine Nestor Nana Nolan
Omar Odette Owen Ophelia Oscar Olga Omar Orlanda
Paulette Peter Paula Philippe Patty Pablo Paulette Pax
Rene Rose Richard Rina Rafael Rebekah Rene Ronin
Sally Sam Shary Sean Sara Sebastien Sally Sophie
Teddy Teresa Tobias Tammy Tony Tanya Teddy Tayshaun
Vicky Victor Virginie Vince Valerie Van Vicky Viviana
Wilfred * Wanda Walter Whitney William Wendy Wilfred Will

The first storm of each year begins with the letter "A". These lists are also re-cycled every 6 years.
For information on the retirement of TC names in the North Atlantic go to the NOAA public affairs web site.

Last names used in previous seasons in bold.

* In 2020 following Wilfred, storms were named after letters of the Greek alphabet: Alpha, Beta, Gamma, Delta, Epsilon, Zeta, Eta, Theta, Iota.

From 2021 if all names from a list are exhausted, names from the reserve list will be used rather than letters of the Greek alphabet.

Pronunciation of names

North Indian Ocean names

Names used from 2004 onwards
List 1 List 2 List 3 List 4 List 5 List 6 List 7 List 8
Onil Ogni (2006) Nisha (2008) Giri Helen Chapala Ockhi (2017) Fani
Agni (2004) Akash Bijli Jal (2010) Lehar Megh (2015) Sagar Vayu
Hibaru Gonu Aila Keila Madi (2013) Roanu Mekunu Hikaa
Pyarr Yemyin Phyan Thane (2011) Nanauk Kyant Daye Kyarr
Baaz Sidr (2007) Ward (2009) Murjan Hudhud Nada Luban Maha
Fanoos (2005) Nargis Laila Nilam (2012) Nilofar (2014) Vardah (2016) Titli Bulbul
Mala Rashmi Bandu Mahasen Ashobaa Maarutha Gaja Pawan (2019)
Mukda Khai-Muk Phet Phailin Komen Mora Phethai (2018) Amphan
New List 1 New List 2 New List 3 New List 4 New List 5 New List 6 New List 7 New List 8
Nisarga Biparjoy Arnab Upakul Barshon Rajani Nishith Urmi
Gati Tej Murasu Aag Vyom Jhar Probaho Neer
Nivar Hamoon Akvan Sepand Booran Anahita Azar Pooyan
Burevi (2020) Midhili Kaani Odi Kenau Endheri Riyau Guruva
Tauktae Michaung Ngamann Kyarthit Sapakyee Wetwun Mwaihout Kywe
Yaas Remal Sail Naseem Muzn Sadeem Dima Manjour
Gulab Asna Sahab Afshan Manahil Shujana Parwaz Zannata
Shaheen Dana Lulu Mouj Suhail Sadaf Reem Rayhan
Jawad Fengal Ghazeer Asif Sidrah Hareed Faid Kaseer
Asani Shakhti Gigum Gagana Verambha Garjana Neeba Ninnada
Sitrang Montha Thianyot Bulan Phutala Aiyara Saming Kraison
Mandous Senyar Afoor Nahhaam Quffal Daaman Deem Gargoor
Mocha Ditwah Diksam Sira Bakhur Ghwyzi Hawf Balhaf

These lists will be used sequentially. The first name in any given year is the one immediately following the last name from the previous year.

The year is included in parentheses after the last name to be used in that season.

Pronunciation of names.

South-west Indian Ocean names

2016-17 2017-18 2018-19

2019-20

2020-21

2021-22

Abela Ava Alcide Ambali Alicia Ana
Bransby Berguitta Bouchra Belna Bongoyo Batsirai
Carlos Cebile Cilida Calvinia Chalane Cliff
Dineo Dumazile Desmond Diane Danilo Dumako
Enawo Eliakim Eketsang Esami Eloise Emnati
Fernando Fakir Funani Francisco Faraji Fezile
Gabekile Guambe Gelena Gabekile Guambe Gombe
Herold Habana Haleh Herold Habana Halima
Irondro Iman Idai Irondro Iman Issa
Jeruto Jobo Joaninha Jeruto Jobo Jasmine
Kundai Kanga Kenneth Kundai Kanga Karim
Lisebo Ludzi Lorna Lisebo Ludzi Letlama
Michel Melina Maipelo Michel Melina Maipelo
Nousra Nathan Njazi Nousra Nathan Njazi
Olivier Onaise Oscar Olivier Onias Oscar
Pokera Pelagie Pamela Pokera Pelagie Pamela
Quincy Quamar Quentin Quincy Quamar Quentin
Rebaone Rita Rajab Rebaone Rita Rajab
Salama Solani Savana Salama Solani Savana
Tristan Tarik Themba Tristan Tarik Themba
Ursula Urilia Uyapo Ursula Urilia Uyapo
Violet Vuyane Vivane Violet Vuyane Viviane
Wilson Wagner Walter Wilson Wagner Walter
Xila Xusa Xangy Xila Xusa Xangy
Yekela Yarona Yemurai Yekela Yarona Yemurai
Zaina Zacarias Zanele Zaina Zacarias Zanele

The first storm of each year begins with the letter "A".
Last name used in previous seasons in bold.

Mauritius Met. Service list of names

Australian region

Names used from 2008 onwards
List 1 List 2 List 3 List 4 List 5
Anika Anthony Alessia Alfred Ann (2018-19)
Billy Bianca Bruce Blanche Blake
Charlotte Carlos (Courtney) Christine (Catherine) Caleb Claudia
Dominic Dianne Dylan Debbie Damien
Ellie Errol (2010-11) Edna Ernie Esther
Freddy Fina Fletcher Frances Ferdinand
Gabrielle Grant Gillian Greg (2016-17) Gretel
Hamish (Herman) Heidi (Hayley) Hadi Hilda Harold (2019-20)
Ilsa Iggy Ita (Ivana) Irving Imogen
Jasper Jasmine (Jenna) Jack (2013-14) Joyce Joshua
Kirrily (2008-9) Koji Kate Kelvin Kimi
Laurence (Lincoln) Lua (2011-12) (Luana) Lam (Laszio) Linda Lucas
Magda (Megan) Mitchell Marcia (Mingzhu) Marcus Marian
Neville Narelle Nathan Nora (2017-18) Niran
Olga Oswald (Oran) Olwyn (-) Owen Odette
Paul Peta Quang  (Quincey) Penny Paddy
Robyn Rusty (Riordan) Raquel (2014-15) Riley Ruby
Sean (2009-10) Sandra Stan Savannah Seth
Tasha Tim Tatiana Trevor Tiffany
Vince Victoria Uriah (2015-16) Veronica Vernon
Zelia Zane (2012-13) Yvette Wallace  

These lists are used sequentially. The first name in any given year was the one immediately following the last name from the previous year.

The year is included in parentheses after the last name to be used in that season.

Names in bold will replace the adjacent names next time they are used. * indicates replacement name not chosen yet.

Australian Bureau of Meteorology tropical cyclone names web page

Indonesian region

List 1 List 2
Durga (2008)  
Anggrek (2010) Anggur
Bakung (2014) Belimbing
Cempaka (2017) Duku
Dahlia (2017) Jambu
Flamboyan (2018) Lengkeng
Kenanga (2018) Melati
Lili (2019) Nangka
Mangga (2020) Pisang
Seroja (2021) Rambuta
Teratai Sawo

The left hand list is used sequentially. Names from the right hand list used as replacements when necessary.

The years that the names were used are given in parentheses.

Fiji region names

List 1 List 2 List 3 List 4 List 5 (reserve)
Ana Arthur Atu (Alvin) Amos (2015-16) Aru
Bina Becky Bune (2010-11) Bart Ben
Cody Cliff (2006-7) (Chip) Cyril Cook Cama
Dovi Daman (Denia) Daphne (2011-12) Donna Dean
Eva Elisa Evan (Eden) Ella (2016-17) Emosi
Fili Funa (Fotu) Freda (Florin) Fehi Fanny
Gina  Gene (2007-8) (Glen) Garry Gita Garth
Hagar Hettie Haley (2012-13) Hola Hart
Irene Innis Ian (Isa) Iris Ili
Judy Joni (Julie) June Josie Jo
Kevin Ken Kofi Keni (2017-18) Kala
Lola Lin (2008-9) Lusi (Louise) Liua Lute
Mal Mick (Maciu) Mike (2013-14) Mona Mata
Nat Nisha Niko Neil Neta
Osai Oli (Orea) Ola (Opeti) Oma Olivia
Pita Pat (Pearl) Pam (Perry) Pola (2018-19) Pana
Rae Rene Reuben Rita Rex
Sheila  Sarah Solo (2014-15) Sarai Seru
Tam Tomas (Troy) Tuni Tino Tasi
Urmil Ului (2009-10) (Uinita) Ula (Usa) Uesi Uila
Vaianu Vania (Vanessa) Victor Vicky Velma
Wati Wilma (Wano) Winston (Wanita) Wasi (2019-20) Wane
Xavier - - - -
Yani Yasi (Yvonne)

Yalo

Yasa Yolanda
Zita Zaka Zena Zazu Zanna

Lists A, B, C, and D are used sequentially. The first name in any given year is the one immediately following the last name from the previous year. List E is a list of replacement names if they become necessary.

The year is included in parentheses after the last name to be used in that season.

Names in bold will replace the adjacent names when they are next used.

Papua New Guinea region names

List 1 List 2 List 3
Adel (1993) Alu Nou
Upia (2002) Buri Obaha
Epi (2003) Dodo Paia
  Emau Ranu
  Fere Sabi
  Guba (2007) Tau
  Hibu Ume
  Ila Ume
  Kama Vali
  Lobu Auram
  Maila  

These names are used randomly. The years that the names were used are given in parentheses.

South Atlantic region names

Arani (2011) Kurumi (2020)
Bapo (2015) Mani (2020)
Cari (2015)

Oquira (2020)

Deni (2016)

Potira (2021)

Eçai (2016)

Raoni

Guara (2017)

Uba

Iba (2019)

Yakecan

Jaguar (2019)  

These names are used sequentially. The years that the names were used are given in parentheses.