Tropical cyclone names

Various meteorological organisations have responsibility for names and employ different conventions. Some cycle through a set number of lists starting at "A" each year. Some continuously cycle through names without reverting to "A" each year and some start a new list each year. In the areas with cyclical lists a name will be retired if the cyclone bearing it was particularly notorious and caused loss of life.

It is usual practice for a storm to be named when it reaches tropical storm strength (winds of 34 knots). However, JTWC Hawaii, NHC Miami and CPHC Hawaii also give every tropical depression an identifier in the form of two digits and a letter. The digits start at "01" each season and are incremented for each new depression in the region. The letter defines the region in the following way:

W : Western North Pacific (west of 180 °)
C : Central North Pacific (140-180 °W)
E : Eastern North Pacific (east of 140 °W)
L : North Atlantic
A : Arabian sea
B : Bay of Bengal
S : South Indian Ocean (west of 135 °E)
P : South Pacific Ocean (east of 135 °E)

NHC Miami and CPHC Hawaii also use the "ATCF" identifier for Eastern & Central North Pacific and Atlantic depressions. For example, EP052015 indicates the 5th tropical depression in 2015 in the Eastern North Pacific. AL092014 indicates the 9th tropical depression in 2014 in the Atlantic. Prior to 2003 a 2-digit year was used.

Note, not all tropical depressions reach tropical storm status or are given names. Southern hemisphere storms are numbered in a single sequence irrespective of whether they are in the "S" or "P" areas. North Indian Ocean storms are numbered in a single sequence irrespective of whether they are in the "A" or "B" areas.

Northern hemisphere index

Southern hemisphere index

Western North Pacific names

List 1 List 2 List 3 List 4 List 5
Damrey Kong-rey Nakri Krovanh Trases
Haikui Yutu Fengshen Dujuan Mulan
Kirogi Toraji Kalmaegi Mujigae Meari
Kai-tak Man-yi Fung-wong Choi-wan Ma-on
Tembin (2017) Usagi (2018) Kammuri Koguma Tokage
Bolaven Pabuk Phanfone (2019) Champi Hinnamnor
Sanba Wutip Vongfong In-fa Muifa
Jelawat Sepat Nuri Cempaka Merbok
Ewiniar Mun Sinlaku Nepartak Nanmadol
Maliksi  Danas Hagupit Lupit Talas
Gaemi Nari Jangmi Mirinae Noru
Prapiroon Wipha Mekkhala Nida Kulap
Maria Francisco Higos Omais Roke
Son-Tinh Lekima Bavi Conson Sonca
Ampil Krosa Maysak Chanthu Nesat
Wukong Bailu Haishen Dianmu Haitang
Jongdari Podul Noul Mindulle Nalgae
Shanshan Lingling Dolphin Lionrock Banyan
Yagi Kajiki Kujira Kompasu Yamaneko
Leepi Faxai Chan-hom Namtheun Pakhar
Bebinca Peipah Linfa Malou Sanvu
Rumbia Tapah Nangka Nyatoh Mawar
Soulik Mitag Saudel Rai Guchol
Cimaron Hagibis Molave Malakas Talim
Jebi Neoguri Goni Megi Doksuri
Mangkhut Bualoi Atsani Chaba Khanun
Barijat Matmo Etau Aere Lan
Trami Halong Vamco Songda Saola

Since 2000 onwards, a new international list of names has been used for tropical storms in the North-West Pacific basin and are assigned by the Japan Meteorological Agency as storms develop.

The year is included in parentheses after the last name to be used in that season.

Meaning of names (Japan Meteorological Agency)

Meaning and pronunciation of names (Hong Kong Observatory)

Philippine names

2016 2017 2018 2019

2020

Ambo (-) Auring (01W) Agaton (Bolaven)

Amang (01W)

Ambo

Butchoy (Nepartak) Bising (-) Basyang (Sanba)

Betty (Wutip)

Butchoy

Carina (Nida) Crising (02W) Caloy (Jelawat)

Chedeng (03W)

Carina

Dindo (Lionrock) Dante (Muifa) Domeng (Maliksi)

Dodong (Sepat)

Dindo

Enteng (Namtheun) Emong (Nanmadol) Ester (Gaemi)

Egay (04W)

Enteng

Ferdie (Meranti) Fabian (Roke) Florita (Prapiroon)

Falcon (Danas)

Ferdie

Gener (Malakas) Gorio (Nesat) Gardo (Maria)

Goring (-)

Gener

Helen (Megi) Huaning (Haitang) Henry (Son-tinh)

Hanna (Lekima)

Helen

Igme (Chaba) Isang (Hato) Inday (Ampil)

Ineng (Bailu)

Igme

Julian (Aere) Jolina (Pakhar) Josie (13W)

Jenny (Podul)

Julian

Karen (Sarika) Kiko (Guchol) Karding (Yagi)

Kabayan (Kajiki)

Kristine

Lawin (Haima) Lannie (Talim) Luis (24W)

Liwayway (Lingling)

Leon

Marce (Tokage) Maring (Doksuri) Maymay (Jebi)

Marilyn (-)

Marce

Nina (Nock-ten) Nando (22W) Neneng (Barijat)

Nimfa (Tapah)

Nika

Ofel  Odette (Khanun) Ompong (Mangkhut)

Onyok (Mitag)

Ofel 

Pepito Paolo (Lan) Paeng (Trami)

Perla (Neoguri)

Pepito

Quinta  Quedan (Saola) Queenie (Kong-rey)

Quiel (Nakri)

Quinta 

Rolly Ramil (Damrey) Rosita (Yutu)

Ramon (Kalmaegi)

Rolly

Siony Salome (Haikui) Samuel

Sarah (Fung-wong)

Siony

Tonyo Tino (Kirogi) Tomas

Tisoy (Kammuri)

Tonyo

Ulysses Urduja (Kai-tak) Usman

Ursula (Phanfone)

Ulysses

Vicky Vinta (Tembin) Venus

Viring

Vicky

Warren Wilma Waldo

Weng

Warren

Yoyong Yasmin Yayang

Yoyoy

Yoyong

Zosimo Zoraida Zeny

Zigzag

Zosimo

These lists of names are applied to any storms in the Philippine area (5-25 °N and 115-135 °E) and are used in addition to the name given to the storm from the JMA list for the North-west Pacific, which are shown in parentheses.

For past storms the JMA name used for the storm is given in bold

Central North Pacific names

List 1 List 2 List 3 List 4
Akoni (2019) Aka Alika (2002) Ana (2014)
Ema (2019) Ekeka (1992) Ele (2002) Ela (2015)
Hone Hali (1992) (Hene) Huko (2002) Halola (2015)
Iona Iniki (1992) (Iolana) Ioke (2006) (Iopa) Iune (2015)
Keli Keoni (1993) Kika (2008) Kilo (2015)
Lala Li (1994) (Lino) Lana (2009) Loke (2015)
Moke Mele (1994) Maka (2009) Malia (2015)
Nolo Nona (1994) Neki (2009) Niala (2015)
Olana Oliwa (1997) Omeka (2010) Oho (2015)
Pena Paka (1997) (Pama) Pewa (2013) Pali (2016)
Ulana Upana (2000) Unala (2013) Ulika (2016)
Wale Wene (2000) Wali (2014) Walaka (2018)

These lists are used sequentially. The first name in any given year is the one immediately following the last name from the previous year.

Names in bold will replace the adjacent names next time they are used.

The years that the names were used are given in parentheses.

Eastern North Pacific names

2017 2018 2019 2020 2021

2022

2023

Adrian Aletta Alvin Amanda Andres Agatha Adrian
Beatriz Bud Barbara Boris Blanca Blas Beatriz
Calvin Carlotta Cosme Cristina Carlos Celia Calvin
Dora Daniel Dalila Douglas Dolores Darby Dora
Eugene Emilia Erick Elida Enrique Estelle Eugene
Fernanda Fabio Flossie Fausto Felicia Frank Fernanda
Greg Gilma Gil Genevieve Guillermo Georgette Greg
Hilary Hector Henriette Hernan Hilda Howard Hilary
Irwin Ileana Ivo Iselle Ignacio Ivette Irwin
Jova John Juliette Julio Jimena Javier Jova
Kenneth Kristy Kiko Karina Kevin Kay Kenneth
Lidia Lane Lorena Lowell Linda Lester Lidia
Max Miriam Mario Marie Marty Madeline Max
Norma Norman Narda Norbert Nora Newton Norma
Otis Olivia Octave Odalys Olaf Orlene Otis
Pilar Paul Priscilla Polo Pamela Paine Pilar
Ramon Rosa Raymond Rachel Rick Roslyn Ramon
Selma Sergio Sonia Simon Sandra Seymour Selma
Todd Tara Tico Trudy Terry Tina Todd
Veronica Vicente Velma Vance Vivian Virgil Veronica
Wiley Willa Wallis Winnie Waldo Winifred Wiley
Xina Xavier Xina Xavier Xina Xavier Xina
York Yolanda York Yolanda York Yolanda York
Zelda Zeke Zelda Zeke Zelda Zeke Zelda

The first storm of each year begins with the letter "A". These lists are re-cycled every six years.

Last names used in previous seasons in bold.

North Atlantic names

2017 2018 2019 2020 2021

2022

2023

Arlene Alberto Andrea Arthur Ana Alex Arlene
Bret Beryl Barry Bertha Bill Bonnie Bret
Cindy Chris Chantal Cristobal Claudette Colin Cindy
Don Debby Dorian Dolly Danny Danielle Don
Emily Ernesto Erin Edouard Elsa Earl Emily
Franklin Florence Fernand Fay Fred Fiona Franklin
Gert Gordon Gabrielle Ganzalo Grace Gaston Gert
Harvey Helene Humberto Hanna Henri Hermine harold
Irma Isaac Imelda Isaias Ida Ian Idalia
Jose Joyce Jerry Josephine Julian Julia Jose
Katia Kirk Karen Kyle Kate Karl Katia
Lee Leslie Lorenzo Laura Larry Lisa Lee
Maria Michael Melissa Marco Mindy Martin Margot
Nate Nadine Nestor Nana Nicholas Nicole Nigel
Ophelia Oscar Olga Omar Odette Owen Ophelia
Philippe Patty Pablo Paulette Peter Paula Philippe
Rina Rafael Rebekah Rene Rose Richard Rina
Sean Sara Sebastien Sally Sam Shary Sean
Tammy Tony Tanya Teddy Teresa Tobias Tammy
Vince Valerie Van Vicky Victor Virginie Vince
Whitney William Wendy Wilfred Wanda Walter Whitney

The first storm of each year begins with the letter "A". These lists are also re-cycled every 6 years.
For information on the retirement of TC names in the North Atlantic go to the NOAA public affairs web site.

Last names used in previous seasons in bold.

Pronunciation of names

North Indian Ocean names

Names used from 2004 onwards
List 1 List 2 List 3 List 4 List 5 List 6 List 7 List 8
Onil Ogni (2006) Nisha (2008) Giri Helen Chapala Ockhi (2017) Fani
Agni (2004) Akash Bijli Jal (2010) Lehar Megh (2015) Sagar Vayu
Hibaru Gonu Aila Keila Madi (2013) Roanu Mekunu Hikaa
Pyarr Yemyin Phyan Thane (2011) Nanauk Kyant Daye Kyarr
Baaz Sidr (2007) Ward (2009) Murjan Hudhud Nada Luban Maha
Fanoos (2005) Nargis Laila Nilam (2012) Nilofar (2014) Vardah (2016) Titli Bulbul
Mala Rashmi Bandu Mahasen Ashobaa Maarutha Gaja Pawan (2019)
Mukda Khai-Muk Phet Phailin Komen Mora Phethai (2018) Amphan
New List 1 New List 2 New List 3 New List 4 New List 5 New List 6 New List 7 New List 8
Nisarga Biparjoy Arnab Upakul Barshon Rajani Nishith Urmi
Gati Tej Murasu Aag Vyom Jhar Probaho Neer
Nivar Hamoon Akvan Sepand Booran Anahita Azar Pooyan
Burevi Midhili Kaani Odi Kenau Endheri Riyau Guruva
Tauktae Michaung Ngamann Kyarthit Sapakyee Wetwun Mwaihout Kywe
Yaas Remal Sail Naseem Muzn Sadeem Dima Manjour
Gulab Asna Sahab Afshan Manahil Shujana Parwaz Zannata
Shaheen Dana Lulu Mouj Suhail Sadaf Reem Rayhan
Jawad Fengal Ghazeer Asif Sidrah Hareed Faid Kaseer
Asani Shakhti Gigum Gagana Verambha Garjana Neeba Ninnada
Sitrang Montha Thianyot Bulan Phutala Aiyara Saming Kraison
Mandous Senyar Afoor Nahhaam Quffal Daaman Deem Gargoor
Mocha Ditwah Diksam Sira Bakhur Ghwyzi Hawf Balhaf

These lists will be used sequentially. The first name in any given year is the one immediately following the last name from the previous year.

The year is included in parentheses after the last name to be used in that season.

Pronunciation of names.

South-west Indian Ocean names

2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19

2019-20

2020-21

2021-22

Annabelle Abela Ava Alcide Ambali Ava Ana
Bohale Bransby Berguitta Bouchra Belna Bongoyo Batsirai
Corentin Carlos Cebile Cilida Calvinia Chalane Cliff
Daya Dineo Dumazile Desmond Diane Danilo Dumako
Emeraude Enawo Eliakim Eketsang Esami Eloise Emnati
Fantala Fernando Fakir Funani Francisco Faraji Fezile
Gao Gabekile Guambe Gelena Gabekile Guambe Gombe
Hassina Herold Habana Haleh Herold Habana Halima
Inacio Irondro Iman Idai Irondro Iman Issa
Juma Jeruto Jobo Joaninha Jeruto Jobo Jasmine
Ketiwe Kundai Kanga Kenneth Kundai Kanga Karim
Lalelani Lisebo Ludzi Lorna Lisebo Ludzi Letlama
Moabi Michel Melina Maipelo Michel Melina Maipelo
Naima Nousra Nathan Njazi Nousra Nathan Njazi
Octave Olivier Onaise Oscar Olivier Onias Oscar
Piera Pokera Pelagie Pamela Pokera Pelagie Pamela
Quizito Quincy Quamar Quentin Quincy Quamar Quentin
Richard Rebaone Rita Rajab Rebaone Rita Rajab
Sofia Salama Solani Savana Salama Solani Savana
Tatiana Tristan Tarik Themba Tristan Tarik Themba
Umboni Ursula Urilia Uyapo Ursula Urilia Uyapo
Vela Violet Vuyane Vivane Violet Vuyane Viviane
Wayne Wilson Wagner Walter Wilson Wagner Walter
Xaba Xila Xusa Xangy Xila Xusa Xangy
Yazid Yekela Yarona Yemurai Yekela Yarona Yemurai
Zenani Zaina Zacarias Zanele Zaina Zacarias Zanele

The first storm of each year begins with the letter "A".
Last name used in previous seasons in bold.

Mauritius Met. Service list of names

Australian region

Names used from 2008 onwards
List 1 List 2 List 3 List 4 List 5
Anika Anthony Alessia Alfred Ann (2018-19)
Billy Bianca Bruce Blanche Blake
Charlotte Carlos (Courtney) Christine (Catherine) Caleb Claudia
Dominic Dianne Dylan Debbie Damien
Ellie Errol (2010-11) Edna Ernie Esther
Freddy Fina Fletcher Frances Ferdinand
Gabrielle Grant Gillian Greg (2016-17) Gretel
Hamish (Herman) Heidi (Hayley) Hadi Hilda Harold
Ilsa Iggy Ita (Ivana) Irving Imogen
Jasper Jasmine (Jenna) Jack (2013-14) Joyce Joshua
Kirrily (2008-9) Koji Kate Kelvin Kimi
Laurence (Lincoln) Lua (2011-12) (Luana) Lam (Laszio) Linda Lucas
Magda (Megan) Mitchell Marcia (Mingzhu) Marcus Marian
Neville Narelle Nathan Nora (2017-18) Noah
Olga Oswald (Oran) Olwyn (-) Owen Odette
Paul Peta Quang  (Quincey) Penny Paddy
Robyn Rusty (Riordan) Raquel (2014-15) Riley Ruby
Sean (2009-10) Sandra Stan Savannah Seth
Tasha Tim Tatiana Trevor Tiffany
Vince Victoria Uriah (2015-16) Veronica Vernon
Zelia Zane (2012-13) Yvette Wallace  

These lists are used sequentially. The first name in any given year was the one immediately following the last name from the previous year.

The year is included in parentheses after the last name to be used in that season.

Names in bold will replace the adjacent names next time they are used. * indicates replacement name not chosen yet.

Australian Bureau of Meteorology tropical cyclone names web page

Indonesian region

List 1 List 2
Durga (2008)  
Anggrek (2010) Anggur
Bakung (2014) Belimbing
Cempaka (2017) Duku
Dahlia (2017) Jambu
Flamboyan (2018) Lengkeng
Kenanga (2018) Melati
Lili (2019) Nangka
Mangga (2020) Pisang
Seroja Rambuta
Teratai Sawo

The left hand list is used sequentially. Names from the right hand list used as replacements when necessary.

The years that the names were used are given in parentheses.

Fiji region names

List 1 List 2 List 3 List 4 List 5 (reserve)
Ami (Ana) Arthur Atu (Alvin) Amos (2015-16) Aru
Beni (Bina) Becky Bune (2010-11) Bart Ben
Cilla (Cody) Cliff (2006-7) (Chip) Cyril Cook Cama
Dovi Daman (Denia) Daphne (2011-12) Donna Dean
Eseta (Eva) Elisa Evan (Eden) Ella (2016-17) Emosi
Fili Funa (Fotu) Freda (Florin) Fehi Fanny
Gina (2002-3) Gene (2007-8) (Glen) Garry Gita Garth
Heta (Hagar) Hettie Haley (2012-13) Hola Hart
Ivy (2003-4) (Irene) Innis Ian (Isa) Iris Ili
Judy Joni (Julie) June Josie Jo
Kerry (Kevin) Ken Kofi Keni (2017-18) Kala
Lola Lin (2008-9) Lusi (Louise) Liua Lute
Meena (Mal) Mick (Maciu) Mike (2013-14) Mona Mata
Nancy (Nat) Nisha Niko Neil Neta
Olaf (Osai) Oli (Orea) Ola (Opeti) Oma Olivia
Percy (Pita) Pat (Pearl) Pam (Perry) Pola (2018-19) Pana
Rae Rene Reuben Rita Rex
Sheila (2004-5) Sarah Solo (2014-15) Sarai Seru
Tam Tomas (Troy) Tuni Tino Tasi
Urmil Ului (2009-10) (Uinita) Ula (Usa) Uesi Uila
Vaianu Vania (Vanessa) Victor Vicky Velma
Wati (2005-6) Wilma (Wano) Winston (Wanita) Wasi Wane
Xavier - - - -
Yani Yasi (Yvonne)

Yalo

Yolanda Yasa
Zita Zaka Zena Zazu Zanna

Lists A, B, C, and D are used sequentially. The first name in any given year is the one immediately following the last name from the previous year. List E is a list of replacement names if they become necessary.

The year is included in parentheses after the last name to be used in that season.

Names in bold will replace the adjacent names when they are next used.

Papua New Guinea region names

List 1 List 2 List 3
Adel (1993) Alu Nou
Upia (2002) Buri Obaha
Epi (2003) Dodo Paia
  Emau Ranu
  Fere Sabi
  Guba (2007) Tau
  Hibu Ume
  Ila Ume
  Kama Vali
  Lobu Auram
  Maila  

These names are used randomly. The years that the names were used are given in parentheses.

South Atlantic region names

Arani (2011) Kurumi (2020)
Bapo (2015) Mani
Cari (2015)

Oquira

Deni (2016)

Potira

Eçai (2016)

Raoni

Guara (2017)

Uba

Iba (2019)

Yakecan

Jaguar (2019)  

These names are used sequentially. The years that the names were used are given in parentheses.