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The word monsoon comes from the Arabic word 'mausim' which translates as 'season', which is suggestive of the seasonal nature of the monsoon and its associated rains.

A monsoon climate is characterised by a dramatic seasonal change in direction of the prevailing winds of a region which brings a marked change in rainfall. The monsoon climate results in high annual rainfall totals exceeding 1.5 m (5 ft) in many places. Monsoons lead to distinct wet and dry seasons


and September. So, if we already know the “typical” weather in a season – that is, the “climate”, then why do we need a forecast? Well a season’s characteristics naturally vary from one year to another; for example, a mild and wet winter one year may be followed by a cold and dry winter the next

China Weather

as the continent of Asia heats up low pressure forms, bringing warm, moisture laden winds from the Pacific and Indian Oceans. The summer months are therefore much wetter for large areas of China, and are commonly known as the "monsoon season". The reliability of the seasonal weather across more populated


drivers of the South Asian climate are the El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and the Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD). These are irregular coupled atmosphere-ocean oscillations which drive variability in monsoon rainfall from year-to-year. In general, the warm (cool) phase of ENSO results in a drier (wetter

When is rainy season?

A rainy season (also known as a wet season) is the time of year where the majority of a country's or region's annual precipitation occurs. Find out when and where in the world they happen.

What is a rainy season? For many countries of the world, seasons are defined by temperature, with warm summer months and cold winter months. However, for others which lie nearer to the equator, the seasons become defined by wetter weather or drier weather, as the temperatures vary little during

Cuba weather

As the largest island in the Caribbean Sea, Cuba provides crystal clear turquoise waters and dazzling white sand. This tropical island enjoys year round heat, with wet and dry seasons.

Cuba weather averages and climate The weather on this idyllic Island is hot and humid, with the temperatures varying very little through the year. There is a wet season, which also coincides with the Atlantic Hurricane season. Data from Havana weather station. Average daily max (°C) Jan Feb Mar Apr

Thailand holiday weather

Thailand climate information Part of Thailand's appeal is its warm temperatures throughout the year, but its weather is dramatically characterised by two monsoon seasons. As a result Thailand's weather tends to be defined by three seasons: the wet season (May to October), the cool season (November

North-east Brazil rainfall

Forecasts for the north-east part of Brazil between 0° S to 10° S and east of 50° W for the February to May wet season.

The wet season is between February and May with considerable year-to-year and decade-to-decade variability. The forecasts are produced using a combination of dynamical forecast models and statistical predictions and include predictions of the most likely of five rainfall categories (very wet, wet

Sahel, Soudan and Guinea Coast rainfall forecast

Forecast for the July to September wet season.

Forecast areas   The Sahel The Sahel is the transitional semi-arid region of North Africa south of the Sahara desert between 12.5°N and 17.5°N. Its inhabitants are sensitive to rainfall amounts in the wet season (typically July to September), with droughts causing significant hardship. Rainfall

Maldives holiday weather

The tropical climate of the Maldives results in hot temperatures all year round, but the monsoonal seasons dramatically affect the amount of rainfall through the year.

Maldives weather averages and climate Located near the equator, the Maldives enjoy a tropical climate this is consistently hot and often humid all year round, but with distinct wet and dry seasons.  Between December and April rainfall amounts are at their lowest, accompanied with the longest hours

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