This website uses cookies. Read about how we use cookies.

Close window

Historical data, climatology and means and extremes analysis

Building site

Explore a selection of some of our most popular historical and climatological data

We can provide extensive amounts of data to meet your requirements. This page summarises some of our most popular historical and climatological data so please Contact us if you have any queries.

Climate data statistics

The Met Office holds an extensive archive of weather observations from thousands of different locations around the UK and globally.

We hold original manuscripts dating back to 1860 and have digitised climate records from around 1960 for a wide variety of weather variables to meet your individual business needs.

These include the following:

  • Precipitation
  • Air temperature
  • Grass temperature
  • Concrete temperature
  • Soil temperature (at a depth of 10cm, 30cm and 100cm)
  • Humidity
  • Sunshine hours
  • Global radiation
  • Snow depth
  • Cloud cover
  • Visibility
  • Pressure
  • Mean wind speed
  • Mean wind direction
  • Max gust wind speed
  • Max gust corresponding wind direction

Data is available in hourly, daily, weekly, monthly or annual time-steps from our observing station network. We also have some data available in 1 minute frequencies.

In addition we are also able to offer monthly long term average data (based on 30 years of historical data, currently 1981-2010).

As well as raw data, we can also offer a specific analysis based on your requirements.

Climate estimates report

This report provides a full range of climate estimates for a large number of weather elements for a specific grid reference, based on 30 years of data as standard.

Climate means and extremes report

This data is based on the closest representative station to your location and provides you with averages and extremes, for a full range of weather elements, based on 10 years of data as standard.

Degree day data statistics

Degree day data can be used to help assess and aid an analysis of where potential energy wastage (of heating or cooling systems) is occurring.

For example:

  • Constructing control charts that compare benchmarked and actual energy usage (the closer they are, the greater your energy efficiency)
  • Evaluating success of savings measures
  • Detecting faults in heating systems and their control
  • Preparing annual budgets

We can provide daily, weekly, monthly and annual degree day data figures. These use a base temperature of your choice, (the commonly used based temperature is 15.5 oC).

In addition to the above, we can also supply degree day reports which measure and report on variations in outside temperatures. For example, they can be used by building designers to plan and monitor energy efficiency and heating systems depending on weather conditions. They are available for 18 regions across the UK and are compiled monthly.

Contact us

If you have a more specific request, not covered by the products on these pages contact our Contact us.

Last updated:

Follow us on

Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, Instagram, Snapchat, or LinkedIn Facebook Follow @metoffice on Twitter YouTube Instagram Snapchat LinkedIn