Climate and climate change

Climate summaries

Timing of summaries and statistics

Those interested in climate change and predictions of future climates should also visit the Climate Change pages.

UK last month

February 2023

February overall was milder and drier than average, with high pressure influencing the weather for much of the time. It was unsettled initially, and again for a time from mid-month, but the month was remarkable for its dryness, this being provisionally the UK's driest February since 1993. It was also a mild month, especially further north, despite colder spells from 5th to 9th and from 23rd onwards.

Mean temperatures for this month were well above average, with a provisional UK mean temperature of 5.8 °C, some 1.7 °C above the 1991-2020 average. Scotland and Northern Ireland were mildest relative to average. Rainfall was well below average generally, with less than 20% of average over most of central and southern England as well as eastern parts of Wales, though much of north-west Scotland was near or slighly wetter than average. The UK had 45% of average rainfall for the month. It was a sunnier than average month for central and eastern England, but rather dull for most of Scotland and Northern Ireland, with the UK as a whole having 98% of average.

The UK monthly extremes were as follows: A maximum temperature of 17.2 °C was recorded at Pershore (Worcestershire) on the 17th. A minimum temperature of -8.5 °C was recorded at Tulloch Bridge (Inverness-shire) on the 27th. In the 24 hours ending at 0900 UTC on the 3rd, 45.6 mm of rain fell at Cassley (Sutherland). Wind gusts of 72 knots (83 mph) were recorded at Baltasound (Shetland) on the 3rd and at Inverbervie (Kincardineshire) on the 17th. Snow-depths of 1 cm were measured at Oyne (Aberdeenshire) and Fettercairn (Kincardineshire) on the 18th.

Regional values for February 2023

Monthly, seasonal and annual summaries 2023

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Monthly, seasonal and annual summaries 2021

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Monthly, seasonal and annual summaries 2020

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Monthly, seasonal and annual summaries 2019

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Monthly, seasonal and annual summaries 2018

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Historical reports

We produce an annual State of the UK Climate report

Historical climate and weather reports are available from the digital library and archives

Climate projections

You can find out more about climate change in your local area in this climate change visualisation tool.

This tool is a collaboration with the BBC. It combines our climate projections and records to visualise climate change in the UK.

Maps, charts and Data

Data tables of UK and regional monthly series 

Data tables of monthly station series 

UK maps of monthly data

Temperature, rainfall and sunshine time series charts

Temperature, rainfall and sunshine anomaly charts

Multi-century climate series

Central England Temperature (series begins in 1659).

UK Regional Precipitation (series begins in 1766).