Climate and climate change

Climate summaries

Timing of summaries and statistics

Those interested in climate change and predictions of future climates should also visit the Climate Change pages.

UK last month

October 2021

The weather during most of October was unsettled and wet, though there was a drier spell across most areas between the 8th and 17th.  Temperatures were above average for much of the time, and frosts were few, but sunshine was in short supply for some areas.  The heaviest rain came in the closing days of the month, with some notable totals in Cumbria, and there were gales also on the 31st.

The provisional UK mean temperature was 10.9 °C, which is 1.4 °C above the 1981-2010 long-term average.  For most areas, mean monthly minima were slightly more elevated relative to normal than mean monthly maxima.  Many parts of the UK saw more rainfall than average, with a few areas near average and only isolated spots below average.  The wettest areas were southern Scotland, Cumbria, the north-west corner of Wales, and southern England, with many places above 150% of average, and the UK overall had 128% of average October rainfall.  Sunshine was somewhat below average in Scotland, northern and south-eastern England, and most of Wales, giving an overall figure of 87% of average.

The UK monthly extremes were as follows:  A maximum temperature of 22.9 °C was recorded at Thornes Park (West Yorkshire) on the 8th.  A minimum temperature of -3.6 °C was recorded at Redesdale Camp (Northumberland) on the 16th.  In the 24 hours ending at 0900 UTC on the 28th, 222.6 mm of rain fell at Honister Pass (Cumbria).  A wind gust of 65 knots (75 mph) was recorded at Needles (Isle of Wight) on the 31st.

Regional values for October 2021

Monthly, seasonal and annual summaries 2021

January | February | March | April | May | June | July | August | September | October

Winter | Spring | Summer | Autumn

Monthly, seasonal and annual summaries 2020

January | February | March | April | May | June | July | August | September | October | November | December

Winter | Spring | Summer | Autumn

Annual

Monthly, seasonal and annual summaries 2019

January | February | March | April | May | JuneJuly | August | September | October | November | December

Winter | Spring | Summer | Autumn

Annual

Monthly, seasonal and annual summaries 2018

January | February | March | April | May | June | July | August | September | October | November | December

Winter | Spring | Summer | Autumn

Annual

Historical reports

We produce an annual State of the UK Climate report

Historical climate and weather reports are available from the digital library and archives

Climate projections

You can find out more about climate change in your local area in this climate change visualisation tool.

This tool is a collaboration with the BBC. It combines our climate projections and records to visualise climate change in the UK.

Maps, charts and Data

Data tables of UK and regional monthly series 

Data tables of monthly station series 

UK maps of monthly data

Temperature, rainfall and sunshine time series charts

Temperature, rainfall and sunshine anomaly charts

Multi-century climate series

Central England Temperature (series begins in 1659).

UK Regional Precipitation (series begins in 1766).