Climate and climate change

Climate summaries

Timing of summaries and statistics

Those interested in climate change and predictions of future climates should also visit the Climate Change pages.

UK last month

December 2022

This month was colder than average overall, the only month in 2022 for which this was the case, with a very cold and frosty spell until the 17th only being partly offset by milder weather thereafter.  Rainfall was limited during the cold spell, but from the 18th there was much more rain, bringing the total rainfall for the month almost up to the long-term monthly average.  Sunshine was above average for most parts of the country.

The provisional UK mean temperature was 2.9 °C, which is 1.3 °C below the long-term average, and this was the UK’s coldest December since 2010.  Minimum temperatures were around 2 °C below average in some parts of England and Wales.  Rainfall was slightly below average overall, most especially for western Scotland, Northern Ireland and central parts of England, although parts of eastern Scotland and southern England were rather wet.  The UK as a whole had 87% of average rainfall.  Sunshine was broadly above average in all areas except the far north and east, with an overall sunshine figure of 116% of average.

The UK monthly extremes were as follows:  A maximum temperature of 15.9 °C was recorded at Prestatyn and Hawarden (both Clwyd) on the 19th.  A minimum temperature of -17.3 °C was recorded at Braemar (Aberdeenshire) on the 13th.  In the 24 hours ending 0900 UTC on the 19th, 150.6 mm of rain fell at White Barrow (Devon).  A wind gust of 71 knots (82 mph) was recorded at Capel Curig (Gwynedd) on the 19th.  A snow depth of 15 cm was recorded at Loch Glascarnoch (Ross & Cromarty) on the 15th.

Regional values for December 2022

Monthly, seasonal and annual summaries 2022

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Winter | Spring | Summer | Autumn

Annual

Monthly, seasonal and annual summaries 2021

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Winter | Spring | Summer | Autumn

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Monthly, seasonal and annual summaries 2020

January | February | March | April | May | June | July | August | September | October | November | December

Winter | Spring | Summer | Autumn

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Monthly, seasonal and annual summaries 2019

January | February | March | April | May | JuneJuly | August | September | October | November | December

Winter | Spring | Summer | Autumn

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Monthly, seasonal and annual summaries 2018

January | February | March | April | May | June | July | August | September | October | November | December

Winter | Spring | Summer | Autumn

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Historical reports

We produce an annual State of the UK Climate report

Historical climate and weather reports are available from the digital library and archives

Climate projections

You can find out more about climate change in your local area in this climate change visualisation tool.

This tool is a collaboration with the BBC. It combines our climate projections and records to visualise climate change in the UK.

Maps, charts and Data

Data tables of UK and regional monthly series 

Data tables of monthly station series 

UK maps of monthly data

Temperature, rainfall and sunshine time series charts

Temperature, rainfall and sunshine anomaly charts

Multi-century climate series

Central England Temperature (series begins in 1659).

UK Regional Precipitation (series begins in 1766).