Climate and climate change

Climate summaries

Timing of summaries and statistics

Those interested in climate change and predictions of future climates should also visit the Climate Change pages.

UK last month

June 2020

The very sunny and warm weather of late May continued into the start of June, but a cool northerly type became established from the 3rd to 7th, bringing showers and some longer spells of rain.  After a brief settled interlude, it turned wet almost everywhere by the 10th.  Around mid-month there was a spell of warm, humid, showery weather with thunderstorms especially in central, western and southern areas, and persistent low cloud along the north-east coast.  There was a hot sunny spell especially over England from the 23rd to 25th, which triggered a thundery breakdown in places.  The last few days were cloudy and windy with showers and longer spells of rain, with especially persistent and heavy rain in parts of Cumbria.

The provisional UK mean temperature was 14.0 °C, which is 1.0 °C above the 1981-2010 long-term average.  Both mean maximum and minimum temperatures were more than 1.5 °C above average in some parts of Scotland, but mostly around 1.0 °C above elsewhere.  Rainfall was 144% of average, and it was somewhat wetter than average in most western areas, especially Cornwall and Devon, but it was a little drier than average in parts of the south-east, and much drier than average in the Shetland Islands.  Sunshine was 97% of average, and it was generally sunnier than average in East Anglia and the south-east and in the far north of Scotland, but it was a rather dull month in many western areas and in central and eastern Scotland.

The UK monthly extremes were as follows:  A maximum temperature of 33.4 °C was recorded at Heathrow (London) on the 25th.  A minimum temperature of -1.9 °C was recorded at Tulloch Bridge (Inverness-shire) on the 8th.  In the 24 hours ending at 0900 GMT on the 29th, 212.8 mm of rain fell at Honister Pass (Cumbria).  Wind gusts of 56 knots (64 mph) were recorded at South Uist (Western Isles) and Magilligan (County Londonderry) on the 20th, and at Warcop (Cumbria) on the 26th.

Regional values for June 2020

Monthly, seasonal and annual summaries 2020

January | February | March | April | May | June

Winter | Spring

Monthly, seasonal and annual summaries 2019

January | February | March | April | May | JuneJuly | August | September | October | November | December

Winter | Spring | Summer | Autumn


Monthly, seasonal and annual summaries 2018

January | February | March | April | May | June | July | August | September | October | November | December

Winter | Spring | Summer | Autumn


Historical reports

We produce an annual State of the UK Climate report

Historical climate and weather reports are available from the digital library and archives

Maps, charts and Data

Data tables of UK and regional monthly series 

Data tables of monthly station series 

UK maps of monthly data

Temperature, rainfall and sunshine time series charts

Temperature, rainfall and sunshine anomaly charts

Multi-century climate series

Central England Temperature (series begins in 1659).

UK Regional Precipitation (series begins in 1766).