Climate and climate change

Climate summaries

Timing of summaries and statistics

Those interested in climate change and predictions of future climates should also visit the Climate Change pages.

UK last month

June 2019

June started with a ridge of high pressure which brought warm dry sunny weather to much of the south and south-east, hot for a time in East Anglia, but it was cloudier with rain further north.  From the 3rd to 9th a westerly flow brought spells of rain interspersed with brighter showery weather.  It turned unseasonably cool, and very wet in places, especially Lincolnshire, between the 10th and 13th, with north-easterly winds.  The 14th to 20th was generally warmer but continued unsettled, and thunderstorms affected the south-east overnight 18th/19th.  The last third of the month was often warm and humid, with further rain at times and some thundery outbreaks especially in the north, but also some dry sunny weather especially between the 26th and 29th, and the 29th was a very hot day in many areas with temperatures as high as 34 °C in the London area.

The provisional UK mean temperature was 13.2 °C, which is 0.2 °C above the 1981-2010 long-term average.  Mean maximum temperatures were mostly close to average but were over 0.5 °C below in east Wales and some western counties of England.  Mean minimum temperatures were generally near or slightly above normal.  Rainfall was 152% of average, and much of Lincolnshire, the Midlands and east Wales had well over twice the normal rainfall.  Sunshine was 95% of average, and it was a dull June in Lincolnshire, the Midlands, the south-west and most of Wales, but sunnier than average in eastern Scotland and also Northumberland, Cumbria and north Lancashire.

The UK monthly extremes were as follows:  A maximum temperature of 34.0 °C was recorded at Heathrow and Northolt (both Greater London) on the 29th.  Minimum temperatures of -0.3 °C were recorded at Redesdale (Northumberland) and St Harmon (Powys) on the 10th.  In the 24 hours ending at 0900 GMT on the 11th, 74.6 mm of rain fell at Wainfleet (Lincolnshire).  A wind gust of 55 knots (63 mph) was recorded at Capel Curig (Gwynedd) on the 2nd, and at Culdrose (Cornwall) on the 27th.

Regional values for June 2019

Monthly, seasonal and annual summaries 2019

January | February | March | April | May | June

Winter | Spring

Monthly, seasonal and annual summaries 2018

January | February | March | April | May | June | July | August | September | October | November | December

Winter | Spring | Summer | Autumn


Historical reports

We produce an annual State of the UK Climate report

Historical climate and weather reports are available from the digital library and archives

Maps, charts and Data

Data tables of UK and regional monthly series 

Data tables of monthly station series 

UK maps of monthly data

Temperature, rainfall and sunshine time series charts

Temperature, rainfall and sunshine anomaly charts

Multi-century climate series

Central England Temperature (series begins in 1659).

UK Regional Precipitation (series begins in 1766).