Climate and climate change

Climate summaries

Timing of summaries and statistics

Those interested in climate change and predictions of future climates should also visit the Climate Change pages.

UK last month

September 2019

The first few days of September saw a westerly type, with a succession of fronts bringing rainfall to much of the country. It then became rather quieter for a time, and some days were pleasantly warm, with particularly high temperatures around 19th-24th. Rainfall was below average up until the 20th, but after that a much more unsettled spell of weather set in, with 25-50 mm of rain within 24 hours reported at various stations on certain days. Thus by the end of the month the UK had easily exceeded its September average rainfall; it was also quite a sunny month, with some pleasant early-autumn days during the middle third of the month.

The provisional UK mean temperature was 13.1 °C, which is 0.5 °C above the 1981-2010 long-term average.  Mean maximum temperatures were about 1.0 °C above normal across the south-eastern half of England, but nearer normal for some other regions.  Mean minimum temperatures were about 0.5 °C above average in western areas, but closer to normal further east.  Rainfall was 127% of average, and most areas from southern Scotland southwards had a wet month, with below-normal rainfall totals confined to northern Scotland and parts of East Anglia and Kent.  Sunshine was 115% of average, and it was generally sunniest relative to average in England and Wales, with closer to average sunshine elsewhere.

The UK monthly extremes were as follows:  A maximum temperature of 27.7 °C was recorded at Weybourne (Norfolk) on the 22nd.  A minimum temperature of -1.6 °C was recorded at Aboyne (Aberdeenshire) on the 8th.  In the 24 hours ending at 0900 GMT on the 24th, 59.4 mm of rain fell at Fontmell Magna (Dorset). A wind gust of 61 knots (70 mph) was recorded at Baltasound (Shetland) on the 15th.

Regional values for September 2019

Monthly, seasonal and annual summaries 2019

January | February | March | April | May | JuneJuly | August | September

Winter | Spring | Summer

Monthly, seasonal and annual summaries 2018

January | February | March | April | May | June | July | August | September | October | November | December

Winter | Spring | Summer | Autumn


Historical reports

We produce an annual State of the UK Climate report

Historical climate and weather reports are available from the digital library and archives

Maps, charts and Data

Data tables of UK and regional monthly series 

Data tables of monthly station series 

UK maps of monthly data

Temperature, rainfall and sunshine time series charts

Temperature, rainfall and sunshine anomaly charts

Multi-century climate series

Central England Temperature (series begins in 1659).

UK Regional Precipitation (series begins in 1766).