Climate and climate change

Climate summaries

Timing of summaries and statistics

Those interested in climate change and predictions of future climates should also visit the Climate Change pages.

UK last month

October 2022

Most of October was warmer than average, though the second week was rather cooler, and the last ten days were especially mild relative to average, with a notable lack of frosts.  At the same time, the month was predominantly unsettled in most regions, with no dry spells longer than a couple of days.  However, sunshine was above average for most of the country, especially central and eastern areas.

The provisional UK mean temperature was 11.5 °C, which is 1.8 °C above the long-term average.  Maximum temperatures were nearly 3 °C above average in parts of south-east England, while minimum temperatures were furthest above average in central Scotland.  This was provisionally the 7th warmest October in a series from 1884.  Rainfall was broadly near or above average overall, but it was rather dry in many east-coast locations, and parts of Northern Ireland were much wetter than average.  The UK as a whole had 115% of average rainfall.  It was a sunnier than average month for most of England, parts of Wales and the east coast of Scotland, but rather dull over western Scotland, with an overall sunshine figure of 114% of average.

The UK monthly extremes were as follows:  A maximum temperature of 22.9 °C was recorded at Kew Gardens (Greater London) on the 29th.  A minimum temperature of -3.8 °C was recorded at Aboyne (Aberdeenshire) on the 15th.  In the 24 hours ending 0900 UTC on the 5th, 102.6 mm of rain fell at Honister Pass (Cumbria).  A wind gust of 96 knots (110 mph) was recorded at Needles (Isle of Wight) late on the 31st.

Regional values for October 2022

Monthly, seasonal and annual summaries 2022

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Monthly, seasonal and annual summaries 2021

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Annual

Monthly, seasonal and annual summaries 2020

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Monthly, seasonal and annual summaries 2019

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Monthly, seasonal and annual summaries 2018

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Annual

Historical reports

We produce an annual State of the UK Climate report

Historical climate and weather reports are available from the digital library and archives

Climate projections

You can find out more about climate change in your local area in this climate change visualisation tool.

This tool is a collaboration with the BBC. It combines our climate projections and records to visualise climate change in the UK.

Maps, charts and Data

Data tables of UK and regional monthly series 

Data tables of monthly station series 

UK maps of monthly data

Temperature, rainfall and sunshine time series charts

Temperature, rainfall and sunshine anomaly charts

Multi-century climate series

Central England Temperature (series begins in 1659).

UK Regional Precipitation (series begins in 1766).