These web pages are a source of information for those interested in the climate of the UK. The pages are updated each month to reflect the latest month's weather across the UK. A timetable for publication of the climate summaries is available below.
Those interested in climate change and predictions of future climates should also visit the Climate Change pages.
UK last month
October started with a changeable westerly regime which persisted through the first week, with a succession of frontal systems moving across the British Isles and brighter showery weather in between. Most of the rest of the month was dominated by a warm moist south-westerly type, and there were some unusually high temperatures at times, notably on the 16th associated with ex-tropical hurricane Ophelia. It was often cloudy, but rainfall amounts in southern and eastern areas tended to be small. There was some colder brighter weather towards the end of the month, and a northerly outbreak on the 29th was followed by a widespread ground frost.
The provisional UK mean temperature was 11.3 °C, which is 1.8 °C above the 1981-2010 long-term average. Mean maximum temperatures were generally 1 to 2 °C above average, with the largest positive anomalies in the east, and mean minimum temperatures were generally between 1.5 and 2.5 °C above average. It was a drier than average month except in western Scotland, Cumbria, north Lancashire and parts of Northern Ireland, and particularly dry in the south-east with under 25% of the average in places. The prevailing moist south-westerly flow resulted in a cloudy month for most regions, especially Northern Ireland, west Wales, western Scotland and north-west England. For Northern Ireland it was the equal dullest October in a series from 1929.
The UK monthly extremes were as follows: A maximum temperature of 23.5 °C was recorded at Manston (Kent) on the 16th. A minimum temperature of -5.0 °C was recorded at Tulloch Bridge (Inverness-shire) on the 30th. In the 24 hours ending at 0900 GMT on the 11th, 90.4 mm of rain fell at Alltdearg House, Skye (Highland). Wind gusts of 78 knots (90 mph) were recorded at Aberdaron and Capel Curig (Gwynedd) on the 16th.
Monthly, seasonal and annual summaries
Historic monthly weather reports, British Rainfall publications and snow surveys of Great Britain
Monthly Weather Report (1884 to 1993).
British Rainfall (1860 to 1991).
Snow Survey of Great Britain (1953/1954 to 1991/1992).
Daily weather summary and state of UK climate report
Daily Weather Summary (from 2014).
State of the UK Climate (from 2014).
Homogeneous series based on selected station data
Central England Temperature (series begins in 1659).
UK Regional Precipitation (series begins in 1766).
Graphs, maps and data sets