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Climate summaries

These web pages are a source of information for those interested in the climate of the UK. The pages are updated each month to reflect the latest month's weather across the UK. A timetable for publication of the climate summaries is available below.

Timing of summaries and statistics

Those interested in climate change and predictions of future climates should also visit the Climate Change pages.

UK last month

October 2018

October began with high pressure over the south, but a westerly flow affected central and northern areas, bringing relatively changeable weather to much of Scotland.  The second week was unseasonably warm due to southerly winds, and many areas were also sunny on the 9th and 10th, but Storm Callum brought wet and windy weather to most parts on the 12th, particularly over the high ground of south Wales.  After a relatively settled spell with high pressure often close to the south, a northerly outbreak on the 26th and 27th resulted in a very cold end to the month, with wintry showers on high ground and also locally to low levels on the 27th.

The provisional UK mean temperature was 9.6 °C, which is 0.1 °C above the 1981-2010 long-term average.  For most regions, mean maximum temperatures were a little above average and mean minimum temperatures were a little below average, reflecting the relatively high frequency of clear skies.  Rainfall was below normal in many areas, although north-west Scotland was wetter; it was not exceptionally dry, with 82% of average rainfall overall.  For the UK as a whole this was the fifth sunniest October in a series from 1929, with 122% of average sunshine, and for East Anglia it was the joint sunniest October in the series (alongside 1959).

The UK monthly extremes were as follows:  A maximum temperature of 26.5 °C was recorded at Donna Nook (Lincolnshire) on the 13th.   A minimum temperature of -8.6 °C was recorded at St Harmon (Powys) on the 30th.  In the 24 hours ending at 0900 GMT on the 13th, 159.8 mm of rain fell at Libanus (Powys).  A wind gust of 75 knots (86 mph) was recorded at Capel Curig (Gwynedd) on the 12th.  A snow-depth of 6 cm was measured at Tomnavoulin (Morayshire) on the 27th.

October 2018 | Regional values - October 2018

Monthly, seasonal and annual summaries

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Historic monthly weather reports, British Rainfall publications and snow surveys of Great Britain

Monthly Weather Report (1884 to 1993).

British Rainfall (1860 to 1991).

Snow Survey of Great Britain (1953/1954 to 1991/1992).

Daily weather summary and state of UK climate report

Daily Weather Summary  (from 2014).

State of the UK Climate (from 2014).

Homogeneous series based on selected station data

Central England Temperature (series begins in 1659).

UK Regional Precipitation (series begins in 1766).

Graphs, maps and data sets

UK actual and anomaly maps

Temperature, rainfall and sunshine time-series

UK temperature, rainfall and sunshine anomaly graphs

Download regional values

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