Different amounts of future warming

The worst impacts of climate change may be avoided by limiting future global warming. These ‘mitigation’ efforts cut emissions of greenhouse gases.

Nevertheless, some impacts remain unavoidable. Effective 'adaptation' strategies are needed to help us prepare for them.

Understanding the relationship between mitigation and adaptation approaches is crucial. This helps identify shared benefits of both strategies.

Some of the key questions we are trying to answer are:

  • What are the physical impacts of mitigation and adaptation actions?

  • What are the related opportunities, trade-offs and co-benefits of mitigation and adaptation actions?

  • How does this change across different levels of warming (e.g. 1.5ºC, 2ºC and higher)?

How do we answer these questions?

We produce a range of deliverables to help answer this question. Our verbal and written advice includes briefings, reports, expert reviews, model development, and website content.

Here are some of the main things we deliver:

Support for UNFCCC COP

Each year, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) holds an annual action summit on climate change, the Conference of the Parties (COP) meeting. Delegates from around the world come together to discuss the science of climate change. They lay out their own countries’ plans and ambitions to meet climate targets and explore possible solutions. The Met Office provides support to this important conference.

The Met Office website

We update the climate science pages of Met Office website. This includes a central resource that ties together information on extreme weather events.

Thresholds and tipping points

We provide updated assessments of tipping points and thresholds in the climate system.

Updates to climate models

UKESM1 and HadGEM3-GC3.1 are two state-of-the-art climate models. We use these to study the Earth-system and climate. They are both the result of years of work, featuring a host of advances over previous models.

Research from the Met Office Hadley Centre

Scientists at the Met Office Hadley Centre also publish papers in leading scientific journals. The team collaborates with other institutes from around the world.

Names in bold are lead authors from the Met Office.

2020 papers

2019 papers

2018 papers