Emergency rescue team in action in a flooded town.

Current weather and climate risks

Across the globe, both the weather and climate can have huge impacts on people and ecosystems.

Extreme weather events include flash floods, storms, and heatwaves. These can damage infrastructure, force people out of their homes, and place overwhelming pressure on healthcare. Longer-term climate risks can lead to systemic issues, such as droughts causing water shortages and disruption to food supplies.

Some of the key questions we are trying to answer are:

  • How is weather and climate changing in different parts of the world?
  • What is influencing these changes?
  • In the UK, how do these changes vary by region and geography?

How do we answer these questions?

We produce a range of deliverables to help answer this question. Our verbal and written advice includes briefings, reports, expert reviews, model development, and website content.

Here are some of the main things we deliver:

Climate Dashboard

The Met Office Climate Dashboard provides monthly updates on key metrics. This includes sea level, global temperature, and atmospheric CO2 concentration. You can download data from this website, for free.

3-month outlooks

Each month, we provide a forecast of precipitation and temperature over the next three months. This is part of a suite of forecasts designed for contingency planners.

UK State of the Climate

This is an annual publication, which provides an up-to-date assessment of the UK climate. This includes a full report and accompanying communication materials.

UK Climate Projections (UKCP)

The UK Climate Projections (UKCP) provides the most up-to-date assessment of how the climate of the UK may change over the 21st century.

Support for UNFCCC COP

Each year, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) holds an annual action summit on climate change, the Conference of the Parties (COP) meeting. Delegates from around the world come together to discuss the science of climate change. They lay out their own countries’ plans and ambitions to meet climate targets and explore possible solutions. The Met Office provides support to this important conference.

The Met Office website

We update the climate science pages of Met Office website. This includes a central resource that ties together information on extreme weather events.

Near-term prediction

We provide annual and decadal temperature forecasts. The latter includes the risk of exceeding 1.5°C warming above pre-industrial levels.

Updates to climate models

UKESM1 and HadGEM3-GC3.1 are two state-of-the-art climate models. We use these to study the Earth-system and climate. They are both the result of years of work, featuring a host of advances over previous models.

Research from the Met Office Hadley Centre

Scientists at the Met Office Hadley Centre also publish papers in leading scientific journals. The team collaborates with other institutes from around the world.

Names in bold are lead authors from the Met Office.

2020 papers

2019 papers

2018 papers